About the Company

Amber Enterprises India is engaged in the business of manufacturing a versatile range of products i.e. Air conditioners, microwave ovens, washing machines, refrigerators, heat exchangers, sheet metal components, etc. Currently, the Company has nine manufacturing facilities in India out of which two manufacturing facilities are operating in a tax exemption zone.

 

Q3FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
  Q3FY21 Q3FY20 YoY % Q2FY21 QoQ % 9MFY21 9MFY20 YoY%
Sales 584 570 2.46% 233 150.64% 1011 1963 -48.50%
PBT 27 6 350.00% -15 280.00% -17 77 -122.08%
PAT 18 12 50.00% -9 300.00% -9 65 -113.85%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
  Q3FY21 Q3FY20 YoY % Q2FY21 QoQ % 9MFY21 9MFY20 YoY%
Sales 774 791 -2.15% 421 83.85% 1457 2656 -45.14%
PBT 40 24 67% -1 4100.00% 4 121 -96.69%
PAT 28 25 12% 3* 833.33% 7** 101 -93.07%

*Contains negative tax expense of Rs 3.4 Cr

**Contains negative tax expense of Rs 3 Cr

Detailed Results

  1. The company modest quarter with a decline of 2% YoY in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits rose to Rs 28 Cr.
  2. Operating EBITDA for Amber was at Rs 62 Cr with margin at 8.2%.
  3. The consolidated revenue mix has remained unchanged from 55:45 to 54:46 in Q3 for RAC: Components+Mobility respectively.
  4. 9M revenue mix has come to 50:50 from 60:40.
  5. Amber has signed 6 new customers since the import ban on Air conditioners with Refrigerants.
  6. The Company has bought land in Supa region near Pune for its upcoming greenfield project.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The PLI scheme for ACs and components is of Rs 5000 Cr and details of this scheme are expected to be finalized soon.
  2. Q3 FY21 revenues for Sidwal stood at Rs 44 Cr, operating EBITDA stood at Rs 9 Cr and margin stood at 21.4%. 9M revenues for Sidwal stood at Rs 120 Cr with operating EBITDA of Rs 27 Cr with operating EBITDA margin at 22.5%.
  3. Revenues for PICL stood at Rs 35 Cr, operating EBITDA stood at Rs 3 Cr, and operating EBITDA margin stood at 7.7%. The management expects some margin expansion over the next 2 to 3 years’ time.
  4. Q3 revenue for IL JIN stood at Rs 91 Cr and in Ever stood at Rs 33 Cr. Operating EBITDA margin for IL JIN stood at 6.3% and Ever stood at 6.6%. 9M revenue for IL JIN stood at Rs 189 Cr and Ever revenue was at Rs 95 Cr, while operating EBITDA margin for IL JIN at 5.3% and for Ever at 3.8% in the same period. IL JIN added 4 new customers and has a few more to be approved.
  5. Volumes sold in Q3 were at 5,43,000 units vs 5,72,000 units last year.
  6. Consolidated debt as of 31st Dec 2020 was at Rs 263 Cr vs Rs 343 Cr last year.
  7. Industry inventory levels have dropped as most brands have pushed a lot of inventory into the primary sales due to the expected cost increases of the product due to commodity and commodity impacts.
  8. The management has stated that any increase in RM costs will be passed on to end customers. The company will be inserting this kind of price variation clause in all its orders soon.
  9. The plot in Supa has an area of 10 acres and the company is constructing on 2.5 lac sq feet area initially. It is also adjacent to Toshiba manufacturing plant and Carrier Midea plant. Commercial production in the facility is expected to start by FY22.
  10. The starting capacity for this plant is around 1 million units and some spare parts capacity.
  11. The company will be submitting samples for top through window air conditioners in USA which is very different from the models sold in India.
  12. In overall, RM cost increases are expected to cause prices of finished goods to rise by 5-7% according to the management.
  13. The management doesn’t feel that a price increase is going to deter most customers as it would be only around Rs 1500-2000. For someone who is looking to upscale from cooler to AC, such a price increase may cause them to move to EMI schemes or postpone the purchase.
  14. Currently Amber has an overall RAC market share of 24% and RAC ODM market share of almost 70%.
  15. The company is seeing the opportunities from the import ban on finished goods to unfold in 2 phases. In Phase 1, the company will be supplying finished units to customers till they can set up their manufacturing facilities. In Phase 2, once these customers have their manufacturing setup, Amber can supply them with components for the unit manufacturing.
  16. The validation phase in the components business takes around 18-24 months and thus the uptake from the components is expected to start rising in 2-3 years.
  17. There are a total of 15 manufacturers who are servicing a market of 7 million units per year in India.
  18. Sidwal has grabbed 2 or 3 new orders worth Rs 120 Cr in Q3. The current order book for Sidwal is at Rs 400 Cr which is expected to be executed within the next 2 years.
  19. The management is also expecting custom duty increases on the component side and the unfinished goods side.
  20. The company has recently started commercial air conditioner line with 3.5- and 4.5-ton units. The company will also be adding 22 new products in this segment in the next 2 years catering to commercial and industrial applications.
  21. Mobility applications now account for 5.5% of total revenues for Amber.
  22. The company will be the first ODM in the commercial AC space and it is thus expecting good response.
  23. Exports now account for 20% of PICL revenues. The management expect this number to rise to 30-35% in next 2 years.
  24. Capex guidance is for Rs 300 Cr for the next 2 years for the expansion of the 2 new sites.
  25. The local procurement of components for the RAC space accounts for only 25% of industry demand. the PLI scheme is looking to increase this number to 75%in the next 5 years.
  26. The management has stated that setting up a 2 million units’ capacity compressor plant from scratch will take around 18-24 months and Rs 250 Cr.
  27. The company has already gotten an order from Voltas Beko for refrigerator and washing machine components. It has also gotten 2 customers for washing machine motors.
  28. In washing machines, Amber is supplying tub assemblies, inverter PCB board, injection molding components, and motors which account for around 25% of washing machine manufacturing.
  29. In refrigerators, Amber is doing sheet metals, door liner and case liners, and electronics. All of these account for 20-25% of refrigerator manufacturing.
  30. The components are being supplied for semi-auto and top-loading washing machines only.
  31. The management expects around 10-15% of revenues to come from exports in the next 4-5 years.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and white good components manufacturer in India. The performance of the quarter was good with recovery back to Q3FY20 levels in both sales and volumes. The demand for components has been steadily rising and the company is also looking to supply components for other consumer electronics like washing machines and refrigerators. The management has clearly outlined how the company plans to take the opportunities arising from the import ban on finished goods. It remains to be seen how the industry demand will be affected by the rise in RM costs and whether the company will be able to achieve its optimistic expectations in the exports and components space. Nonetheless, given the massive opportunity size from import substitution, the growth prospects of the industry, and the company’s dominant position in the ODM market, Amber Enterprises remains a pivotal stock in the fast-rising air conditioning industry. However, the current valuation appears to be very stretched for the company.

 


 

Q2FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY21 Q2FY20 YoY % Q1FY21 QoQ % H1FY21 H1FY20 YoY
Sales 233 393 -40.71% 194 20.10% 427 1394 -69.37%
PBT -15 -5 -200.00% -29 48.28% -44 71 -161.97%
PAT -9 5 -280.00% -19 52.63% -27 53 -150.94%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY21 Q2FY20 YoY % Q1FY21 QoQ % H1FY21 H1FY20 YoY
Sales 421 623 -32.42% 262 60.69% 683 1865 -63.38%
PBT -1 5 -112.00% -36 98.33% -36 96 -137.50%
PAT 3* 12** -75.00% -24 112.50% -21*** 77 -127.27%

*Contains negative tax expense of Rs 4 Cr

**Contains negative tax expense of Rs 7 Cr

***Contains negative tax expense of Rs 15 Cr

Detailed Results

  1. The company dismal quarter with a decline of 32% YoY in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits fell to Rs 3 Cr.
  2. Operating EBITDA for Amber was at Rs 22 Cr with margin at 5.4%.
  3. The management expects normalcy to return in H2.
  4. ~Rs.4000 crs of RACs were being imported in India of which 70-75% consisted of Completely Build Units have been banned for import. This creates significant opportunity for local manufacturers.
  5. The consolidated revenue mix changed to 64:36 from 50:50 for RAC: Components+Mobility respectively.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The ban on import of refrigerant fill RACs has created an additional opportunity of Rs 4,000 Cr for local manufacturers.
  2. Amber successfully completed a QIP of Rs 400 Cr in Q2 which got oversubscribed by more than 5.5x. The money raised from QIP has been temporarily being used for paying off the debt, CapEx, working capital, and acquisition of the balance 20% stake of Sidwal.
  3. The company is getting inquiries, RFQs from big global players for RACs as well as components as per the China Plus One strategy.
  4. Q2 revenues for Sidwal was at Rs 47 Cr with operating EBITDA at Rs 13 Cr. H1 revenues were at Rs 77 Cr with operating EBITDA at Rs 18 Cr and EBITDA margins of 22%.
  5. Q2 revenues for PICL was at Rs 17 Cr with operating EBITDA loss at Rs 0.6 Cr.
  6. PICL has successfully widened its product offering from current PFC motors to BLDC motors. PICL is also in discussion with various customers to launch motors for washing machines and higher voltage motors for the commercial AC segment. It has also been approached with RFQs from various large global manufacturers based out of the U.S. and the Middle East.
  7. Q2 revenues for IL JIN was at Rs 81 Cr with operating EBITDA at 7.4% vs 5.7% last year. Q2 revenues for Ever was at Rs 45 Cr with operating EBITDA at 5.9% vs 5.4% last year.
  8. Inventory levels in the industry have normalized to pre-covid levels.
  9. The management expects Q4 to be a positive quarter for the industry.
  10. February and March is when the management is expecting a volume increase from this ban on the refrigerant air conditioner import. Largely the impact is expected to be reflected in the next financial year.
  11. Volumes for Q2 were at 1.9 lac units. Capacity utilization was at 45-50%.
  12. In components. The company is expecting export orders to come in from FY22 onwards as the development cycle gets completed in FY21.
  13. The company’s first sample will be ready to be shipped out by January and the rest of FY21 will be reliability testing and approval cycles. FY22 is when export orders should start coming in.
  14. Amber has started exporting motors and heat exchangers and is talking to some customers for PCBs.
  15. PICL revenue mix is 20% is exported and 80% is domestic. This ratio is expected to become 60:40 in the coming 2 to 3 years’ time.
  16. In commercial AC, the company has recently launched 2 new products and is on track to build up the whole portfolio of about 18 to 20 products in the next 2 to 3 years’ time.
  17. The addressable market for commercial AC is around Rs 6500 Cr.
  18. In Sidwal, 2 tenders from DMRC, Delhi Metro Corporation for Rs 98 Cr were won in Q2.
  19. The current order book in Sidwal is at Rs 350 Cr which will be delivered in 18 to 24 months’ time.
  20. Industry decline in H1 is expected to be at 32-33% in H1.
  21. The company added 4 new large customers since the announcement of the import ban. All of these 4 had been importing 100% of their requirement earlier. These new customers will start in February onwards.
  22. On the RAC export front, China and Thailand are the 2 large exporters with volumes of 65 million, 80% from China and 20% from Thailand.
  23. For the PCB board for IL JIN and Ever, the company has already started getting orders and has started shipping. Mass volumes will start picking up from the next financial year.
  24. Currently, around 48% of the RAC industry is outsourced with Amber having a market share of 70% in it. The overall industry is growing at a CAGR of 12% while the ODM part is growing at a CAGR of 17-18%.
  25. Even today, 75% of the components are imported. The import substitution opportunity in components is around Rs 5500-6000 Cr. The addressable market for components is $ 2 billion without counting compressors.
  26. 60% of component revenues came from non-AC components.
  27. The long term revenues split in RACs and components is expected to be at 50:50.
  28. USA & Middle East are 2 geographies that Amber is concentrating on currently.
  29. The import ban opportunity in terms of volume is around 2.4 million units.
  30. Of this 2.4 million, 70% was refrigerant filled of which Amber hopes to capture at least 55%.
  31. Margin expansion in subsidiaries was due to lower expenses.
  32. The company’s goal is to reach 24% market share in the overall RAC market in India and have the rest 76% have some components in them made by Amber.
  33. Amber currently has the widest range of products available in the complete room air conditioner range from starting from 0.75 ton to 2 ton in all-star categories from 1 star to 5-star and is doing inverter ACs also. On the component side, it has become a one-stop solution for all components except compressors.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and white good components manufacturer in India. The performance of the quarter continues to improve from the disruption from COVID-19 in the peak summer season. The demand has been steadily rising since after the lockdown. The industry is widely expected to come back to normalcy by Q4. Despite the loss of sales and reduced activity in 3 of the peak months for the company, the management is optimistic about the company’s prospects due to the increased opportunity from the import ban of refrigerant cooled products in RAC and the steadily rising components businesses. It remains to be seen whether there are any more large scale manufacturing disruptions to come from COVID-19 and whether the company will be able to maintain its optimistic expectations in the exports and components space. Nonetheless, given the massive opportunity size from import substitution, the growth prospects of the industry, and the company’s dominant position in the ODM market, Amber Enterprises remains a pivotal stock in the fast-rising air conditioning industry. However, the current valuation appears to be very stretched for the company.

 


Q1FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY21 Q1FY20 YoY % Q4FY20 QoQ %
Sales 194 1001 -80.62% 1045 -81.44%
PBT -29 76 -138.16% 52 -155.77%
PAT -19 49 -138.78% 53 -135.85%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY21 Q1FY20 YoY % Q4FY20 QoQ %
Sales 262 1242 -78.90% 1315 -80.08%
PBT -36 92 -139.13% 70 -151.43%
PAT -24 64 -137.50% 63 -138.10%

Detailed Results

    1. The company dismal quarter with a decline of 79% YoY in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits fell to a loss of Rs 24 Cr.
    2. Operating EBITDA for Amber was at Rs (3) Cr.
    3. The pent-up demand from retail-led to the release of high inventory levels from the channel, which in turn led to an increase in manufacturing orders by OEMs.
    4. The management expects normalcy to return by Q3/Q4.
    5. The consolidated revenue mix changed from 69:31 to 61:39 for RAC: Components respectively.
    6. The increase in contribution was due to early resumptions and order execution from Sidwal for the Mobility Application business.
    7. The performance for subsidiaries was:
      1. Sidwal: Sales of Rs 30.1 Cr, EBITDA of Rs 5 Cr
      2. IL JIN: Sales of Rs 16.7 Cr, EBITDA of Rs (1.7) Cr
      3. EVER: Sales of Rs 16.8 Cr, EBITDA of Rs (1.2) Cr
      4. PICL: Sales of Rs 8 Cr, EBITDA of Rs (1.8) Cr

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company was operating at 50-60% capacity in June.
  2. The Govt of India is looking to implement a phased manufacturing plan, for room air conditioner and its components, under which import duties will be hiked in a phased manner over the period of 5 years; to bring air conditioners under the licensing system, and to also introduce a production-linked incentive scheme for air conditioners.
  3. The company is also seeing good inquiries and RFQs from global RAC players for China Plus One strategy for both finished units & components.
  4. PICL has successfully widened its product offering from current PFC motors to BLDC motors and is in discussion with various customers to launch motors for washing machines and higher-voltage motors for commercial leasing segment. It has also been approached with RFQs from various large global manufacturers based out of the U.S. and the Middle East. The management expects PICL to double in revenues in the next 2 years.
  5. The management remains confident of increasing market share for IL JIN and EVER as the market moves towards inverter ACs.
  6. The order book in July was at 65-70% of last year’s figure. The company saw around 1.5 million RAC units moving out of inventory in Q1.
  7. The company is developing prototype models for the USA which it expects to launch by December or January. The company may need to add additional capacity once policy reforms are announced for the AC industry. The company currently has an annual capacity of 5 million units.
  8. The expected capex for these estimated expansions is around Rs 150 Cr which is to be distributed across 2 years.
  9. The management expects the component ecosystem to rise due to the PLI schemes for the RAC industry which will be beneficial for the company even if it doesn’t manage to get any gains in the RAC space.
  10. The net working capital days for Sidwal were reduced from 180 to almost 83. Sidwal also plays a role in defense applications. This margin expectation for Sidwal remains strong.
  11. The company has already gotten an order from a Japanese client for washing machine motors from PICL. It is also developing a unique motor for US markets.
  12. The company has taken an enabling provision up to Rs 500 Cr capital raise. This can be used for both organic (expanding production capacity) or inorganic (acquisition) opportunities.
  13. The compressor ecosystem is starting to come up in India. There is a company in Ahmedabad called Highly which has 2.4 million capacity while GMCC, the largest compressor manufacturer in the world, is also opening up a factory in India with an initial capacity of 1.5 million which can be scaled up to 6 million. A large Japanese player is also looking to add a compressor plant in India. All in all, the management believe that dependence on China for compressors will come down a lot in the next 2 years.
  14. The industry is has done a joint meeting with Hindalco for setting up a facility for aluminum foil which is instrumental in making PCB invertor boards.
  15. Volumes sold in Q1 were at almost 200,000 units vs almost 1 million sold last year.
  16. Margins were down for the quarter because the majority of sales were for IDUs which are mostly imported.
  17. Gross debt for the company is at Rs 550 Cr while cash is at Rs 150 Cr.
  18. The management expects around 35% of motors business to come from exports as compared to only 10% last year.
  19. The company is competitive in all segments except some in finished goods for 1 ton and below.
  20. The management has stated that it will take some time for the company to properly scale up exports especially for components as it takes about 4 to 5 years to build up being a standard supplier to any large customer or multinational companies.
  21. According to the management, the basic weak spot for the compressor ecosystem is the basic RM of electrical steel which is import-dependent.
  22. The company has bagged orders of Rs 115 Cr since that start of the pandemic. Its order book currently stands at Rs 555 Cr.
  23. The maintenance capex per year for the company is currently at Rs 28-30 Cr.
  24. The management has stated that the company can deliver around 8-9 times asset turnover in motors while in heat exchangers it can deliver up to 5 times.
  25. The PLI scheme has not been finalized but it is expected to have 3 main objectives which are:
    • Cater to exports
    • Create global Indian champions by making them more competitive
  26. The management believes that Amber is well suited for this scheme as it is the most backward integrated with the industry and it has a good position in the components ecosystem and export prospects.
  27. The competitive landscape of the AC industry in India is expected to remain the same and only the import dependence is expected to reduce due to the proposed changes in the industry.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and white good components manufacturer in India. The performance of the quarter was marred by the disruption from COVID-19. The demand has been steadily rising since after the lockdown. The industry is widely expected to come back to normalcy by Q3/Q4. Despite the loss of sales and reduced activity in 3 of the peak months for the company, the management is optimistic about the company’s prospects due to the increased opportunity from import substitution of Chinese products in RAC and components businesses as well as the upcoming PLI scheme for the RAC industry. It remains to be seen whether there are any more large scale manufacturing disruptions to come from COVID-19 and whether the company will be able to maintain its optimistic expectations in the exports and components space. Nonetheless, given the massive opportunity size from import substitution, the growth prospects of the industry, and the company’s dominant position in the ODM market, Amber Enterprises remains a pivotal stock in the fast-rising air conditioning industry.


 

 

Q4 FY20 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

 

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY20 Q4FY19 YoY % Q3FY20 QoQ % FY20 FY19 YoY%
Sales 1045.5 976 7.12% 569.6 83.55% 3008.6 2197.4 36.92%
PBT 52 89 -41.57% 6.2* 738.71% 128.9 132.9 -3.01%
PAT 53.2 61.5 -13.50% 11.5 362.61% 117.9 92.5 27.46%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY20 Q4FY19 YoY % Q3FY20 QoQ % FY20 FY19 YoY%
Sales 1315.2 1201.4 9.47% 790.6 66.35% 3970.9 2761.9 43.77%
PBT 70.1 93.9 -25.35% 24.5 186.12% 190.7 135.9 40.32%
PAT 62.8 66.8 -5.99% 24.8 153.23% 164.1 94.8 73.10%

 

Detailed Results

    1. The company delivered a good YoY growth of 9.5% in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits fell 6% YoY in the same period in Q4 last year.
    2. Performance for FY20 was very good with revenue growth of 44% YoY and PAT growth of 73% YoY.
    3. EBITDA for FY20 rose 53% YoY while EBITDA margins improved 50 bps to 8.2%.
    4. The revenue growth (and current revenue contributions) across operational segments for FY20 is:
      • RAC (Room Air Conditioner):                 Up 39% YoY (61% of total revenues)
      • Components & Mobile Applications:     Up 52% YoY (39% of total revenues)
    5. ROCE improved a lot in FY20 with an increase of 400 bps to 18.5%. ROE improved dramatically in the year with an improvement of 510 bps to 15.1% in FY20.
    6. The company improved its working capital days dramatically with the number coming down to 37 days in FY20 from 54 days in FY19.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The management has stated that dealers had stocked inventory since the start of the lockdown and were liquidating it while the plants were shut down. Now that plants have opened up, there should be a revival in consumer demand.
  2. The company does not see any impact on manufacturing activity from the unavailability of raw materials going forward.
  3. The company is not facing any workforce issues as 80% of the workforce lives around the plant.
  4. The current focus for the company going forward is to improve productivity and rationalize costs.
  5. The management has stated that there may be an impact on the receivable cycle going forward due to the overall impact in the liquidity of the companies across countries.
  6. The company does not see any major receivable risk as all of its customers are renowned and high quality.
  7. The management has stated that there is a good opportunity for the company to benefit from The “China plus one” strategy and from the intent of many companies in India to reduce dependence on Chinese exporters. The company is already the biggest outsourced manufacturer in the RAC industry and the few players who used to import from China have also approached the company and are actively taking to it.
  8. The company should also benefit from the drive-by the Indian government to reduce dependence on imports and the incentives provided to local manufacturers.
  9. Revenues for Sidwal in FY20 stood Rs 226 Cr with EBITDA of Rs 63 Cr. Q4 revenues in this unit was Rs 65 Cr.
  10. Revenue for PICL stood at Rs 185 Cr for FY20 and Rs 57 Cr for Q4. EBITDA for PICL was at Rs 11 Cr with EBITDA margin at 6%.
  11. Revenue for IL JIN was at Rs 92 CR in FY20. Revenues for Ever was at Rs 83 Cr in FY20. The company is confident of rising revenue share for IL JIN and Ever due to the continued shift in the industry towards inverter ACs.
  12. The management has stated that around 28% of ACs in value terms continue to be imported and there is a good chance for the company to cover this segment due to the government’s push toward local manufacturers in the Atmanirbhar initiative. The 28% mentioned above is strictly in terms of finished units and compressors and components that are imported do not form part of this 28%.
  13. The management has stated that it has seen a very robust demand revival in green zones due to the ongoing heatwave. This has also led to the depletion of dealer inventory at a fast rate which is expected to be liquidated in 15 to 20 days’ time.
  14. The management is very optimistic about the China substitution strategy for the components business. The company has already started exporting components to the USA.
  15. The company expects the RAC components to go in a similar way as auto ancillaries and form a dominant portion of local manufacturing as government policies to reduce import dependence become more refined and efficient.
  16. The management has also stated that the reliability cycle for various components is from 6 months to 1 year. So as more companies shift their vendor base to India, it will take at least one reliability cycle to be completed for the orders to start coming in.
  17. The management has clarified that the company has developed models for commercial air conditioners for 7.5, 8.5, 11, 12.5-ton range. Production for these units will start in small volumes from the end of June onwards. The company will not be venturing into commercial refrigeration at present.
  18. The opportunity size for the HVAC industry is around Rs 48000 Cr in India where RACs account for Rs 18000 Cr while the rest of the Rs 30000 Cr is for commercial air conditioning.
  19. The company has seen a good rise in margins for all subsidiaries. In IL JIN and Ever, revenue growth was not as pronounced as the company let go of a few low margin businesses and has worked towards shifting the product mix towards higher margins.
  20. The management has stated that the metro AC tender has been postponed to Q1FY21.
  21. The management is expecting growth of 15-20% in Sidwal despite 0 sales in April.
  22. The FX impact in Q4 was of a loss of Rs 16 Cr for reinstatement losses.
  23. The management does not expect much impact from predatory pricing from Chinese exporters as it believes that the customs duties should be enough to safeguard the Indian industry players. Currently, all industry players are looking to liquidate inventory before issuing fresh orders and due to the COVID-19 situation and the government’s push towards local manufacturing, dependence on Chinese exporters is widely expected to come down.
  24. The management expects demand to rise in June and if for some reason, demand does not rise then, there might be demand spill over into the next quarter.
  25. The revenue loss from lockdown is estimated to be around Rs 150 to Rs 160 Cr in Q4.
  26. The tax rate for the standalone entity is expected to be 35% as there is still a lot of MAT credit to be run down. The subsidiaries will be taxed at the new rate of 22%.
  27. The management has stated that though sales are expected to go down in South India during the monsoons, it should not fall as much as in North India during the same time period.
  28. The company saw a 43% YoY rise in RAC volumes to over 3 million units from 2.1 million units a year ago.
  29. The company has almost 22% market in RAC manufacturing in India currently. The market share in the ODM AC market is 55% currently.
  30. The management does not see any strong competition in ODM rising up for at least 1-2 years despite the push for local manufacturing.
  31. The management has stated that the  “China plus one” strategy is applicable for overseas markets as well as many western economies are looking to reduce dependence on China and source alternative channels for RACs and components.
  32. The management expects exports to become a significant contributor in 4-5 years’ time.
  33. The company is speeding up R&D activities to expand the finished product portfolio for customers. The new products include cassette ACs, smaller window ACs with lower tonnage, etc which were not present in the company’s offerings earlier.
  34. The company is also offering embedded solutions in its products for smarter usage in its products. It is also offering data projection mechanisms for its products for the Indian Railways.
  35. The management expects conditions to normalize in 2-3 months and sales to reach 80-90% of normalized levels for FY21. The biggest issue that the management sees going forward is dollar fluctuations. Another major issue will be getting to use 100% manpower in its facilities which have been currently restricted due to government regulations on COVID-19.
  36. The management has stated that 35-40 days can be considered sustainable levels of Working capital days at current and this number can go below 30 days in the medium term.
  37. At present industry capacity is at 7 million units in India and while the same in China is 110 million units. Thus there is a big difference in scale there. But the management believes that once industry capacity crosses 10 million, the local manufacturing will become more competitive and by 20 million it can be at par with the Chinese on all terms.
  38. In terms of capacity utilization, in the RAC business, utilizations can vary from 55% to 85% depending on seasonal demand. Similarly, components can also have differing utilizations with peak utilization at 75% while off-peak may have it at 40-45%.
  39. The management has stated that the company has around Rs 2-2.5 Cr of maintenance CAPEX for each of its 15 plants. The other unavoidable component of CAPEX is R&D and product development which is around Rs 25 to 30 Cr.
  40. In the ODM controller model, the company has a joint development program with Infineon. The product is ready and the company has offered it to customers for testing and it has received initial orders for ti.
  41. The company currently has 4 customers for inverter PCB boards and 4 more customers are in the pipeline. The management estimate the additional opportunity size for Amber in inverter PCB boards to be around Rs 500-600 Cr in the next few years.
  42. Currently, PICL is doing 90% domestic sales and 10% of exports. The management expects margins in this unit to improve to 7-8% by the next financial year.
  43. The company also does around Rs 25-30 Cr of annual maintenance contracts for the Indian Railways.
  44. There is little room for the company in the AC spare parts and servicing space as most of it is taken care of by the individual brands themselves.
  45. The management expects debt levels to rise in Q1 & Q2 before normalizing. This increase will be mostly due to a delay in payment from a few customers which will constrain the credit cycle for the company.
  46. The company is evaluating the compressor business and is not 100% sure of entering it yet. The company is looking more on the side of the electronic components of motors like BLDC motors which will a new offering by the company.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and white good components manufacturer in India. They have achieved phenomenal growth in the financial year 2020. The performance of the quarter was marred by the disruption from COVID-19 which has also caused a fall in sales for the company in April as well. The industry has not been affected much by this disruption since dealers have had enough inventory to tide the disruption. The company expects demand to slowly normalize over FY21. Despite the loss of sales and reduced activity in 3 of the peak months for the company, the management is optimistic about the company’s prospects due to the increased opportunity from import substitution of Chinese products in RAC and components businesses. It remains to be seen whether there are any more large scale manufacturing disruptions to come from COVID-19 and how the company will adapt to it. Nonetheless, given the massive opportunity size from import substitution, the growth prospects of the industry, and the company’s dominant position in the ODM market, Amber Enterprises remains a pivotal stock in the fast-rising air conditioning industry.


 

 

Q3 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY20 Q3FY19 YoY % Q2FY20 QoQ % 9MFY20 9MFY19 YoY%
Sales 569.58 389.03 46.41% 392.78 45.01% 1963.11 1221.22 60.75%
PBT 6.18 6.68 -7.49% -5.43 213.81% 76.92 43.88 75.30%
PAT 11.53* 3.84 200.26% 4.58 151.75% 64.7 30.96 108.98%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY20 Q3FY19 YoY % Q2FY20 QoQ % 9MFY20 9MFY19 YoY%
Sales 790.62 518.3 52.54% 623.09 26.89% 2655.78 1560.54 70.18%
PBT 24.48 7.17 241.42% 4.64 427.59% 120.65 42.03 187.06%
PAT 24.81** 3.99 521.80% 12.18 103.69% 101.32 27.94 262.63%

*includes negative tax expenses of Rs 5.36 Cr

**includes negative tax expenses of Rs 0.33 Cr

Detailed Results

    1. The company delivered a phenomenal YoY growth of 52.5% in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits grew more than 5 times YoY in the same period due to the low base in Q3FY19.
    2. EBITDA for 9MFY20 rose 97% YoY while EBITDA margins improved to 7.8%.
    3. The revenue growth (and current revenue contributions) across operational segments for 9MFY20 is:
      • RAC (Room Air Conditioner):                 Up 72% YoY (60% of total revenues)
      • Components & Mobile Applications: Up 68% YoY (40% of total revenues)
    4. RAC volumes sold in (MFY20 rose 75% YoY while revenues rose 70% YoY. PAT in the same period rose 2.6 times YoY.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. Ecommerce sales account for 12% of RAC industry volumes.
  2. The RAC industry is estimated to have grown 18% in 9MFY20.
  3. The management has stated the reasons behind Amber’s stellar performance include the increasing penetration of the RAC industry, the rising ratio of outsourcing in the industry and increased sourcing of local goods by industry players.
  4. The company is also seeing a drop in the seasonality of the RAC industry as industry volumes in off months have risen.
  5. The company has also started exports of components to Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nigeria, and the USA.
  6. The RAC volumes sold in Q3 was 5.72 lac vs 4.23 lac last year.
  7. Sidwal 9M revenues were at Rs 176 Cr and EBITDA was at Rs 39 CR with margins of 22%. The company is confident of the growth of this subsidiary with the demand for AC coaches rising and the increasing commissioning of metros in major cities across the country.
  8. 9M Revenues for PICL grew 48% YoY to Rs 128 Cr with EBITDA at Rs 8 Cr with EBITDA margin at 6.8%.
  9. ILJIN revenues in 9M were at Rs 232 Cr and EVER revenues were at Rs 214 Cr with EBITDA margins of 5.8% and 3.5% respectively.
  10. The company expects a rise in margins and revenues in all of the subsidiaries going forward especially in ILJIN and EVER with the demand for inverter ACs rising in the near future.
  11. The working capital days have reduced to 56 days from 66 days a year ago in standalone terms.
  12. The net consolidated debt is around Rs 334 Cr.
  13. The fall in PBT is mainly due to higher interest costs from the increased debt for the recently completed acquisitions of ILJIN and Sidwal.
  14. The company is in a comfortable position to weather any adverse extension of the coronavirus disruption from China.
  15. Sidwal is seeing good order book from new trains and metros added in this year.
  16. The import substitution effect is expected to be seen in full force from next year onwards in the company’s subsidiaries.
  17. The management has clarified that the product mix is totally dependent on the specifications that the customer wants from the company and thus it cannot provide any definite guidance on margins going forward. Another key component of margins is import raw material prices which is subject to supply and foreign exchange fluctuations which is also out of the company’s control.
  18. The management is generally confident that consolidated margins should improve going forward.
  19. Q3 Revenues & EBITDA for subsidiaries are:
    • Sidwal: Revenue Rs 68 Cr, EBITDA Rs 18 Cr
    • PICL: Revenue Rs 43 Cr EBITDA Rs 3 Cr
    • EVER: Revenue Rs 58 Cr EBITDA Rs 1.81 Cr
    • ILJIN: Revenue Rs 66 Cr EBITDA Rs 4.28 Cr
  20. The company has enough raw materials till March and if the disruption in China extends past that period then it will start affecting the company’s operations. This will only affect the standalone business and will not have any effect on the component business as sourcing for the subsidiaries is mostly domestic.
  21. The company estimates that 20-25% of IDUs are still imported in India.
  22. The order outlook of Rs 600 Cr in Sidwal while the order book in hand is Rs 420 Cr. The company will be participating in a few tenders soon which should add to the order book.
  23. The company is testing a solar-powered AC but the management is cautious about this product acceptance due to the high costs involved.
  24. The company is seeing good traction in IoT solutions in ACs from industry players.
  25. The management expects the margins for IDUs and ODUs to converge once the company hits volumes of 2+ million. Currently, the margin difference in IDU and ODU of the same tonnage is around 1-1.5%.
  26. The capacity utilization of the components division is around 65-70% and in RAC the utilization rate is 85-90% at peak times and 75-80% in other times.
  27. The management does not see a requirement for large CAPEX going forward. The company will only be doing maintenance CAPEX, R&D and some small capacity expansion at tools and sub shop level.
  28. The split in the 40% revenue share of components is 8% for mobile components, 16% for non-AC components and 16% for AC components.
  29. The company is entering into new components manufacturing for existing customers. It is also going to launch commercial ACs in April for existing customers. The management expects this to be a good driver of growth.
  30. The management is confident of outpacing industry growth and its current capacity is sufficient to cater to the company’s growth plans for some time. The company will only require Rs 15-20 Cr to expand components capacity and thus it can be done easily if required.
  31. The market share of the company in the 60 lac AC market is around 21% which is up from 19% at the time of the company’s listing in 2018.
  32. The company will opt for the old tax regime at the standalone level and in subsidiaries, it will be in the new rate.
  33. The company aims to bring margins up for all subsidiaries and target 6.5% in ILJIN. Sidwal margins are expected to be at least 22% going forward.
  34. The company also sees a margin appreciation of 0.5% in EBITDA level on a standalone basis.
  35. The largest customer for the company is LG whom the company provides only components and no RACs.
  36. The management has admitted that smaller players in the outsourcing industry are suffering and the company is indeed facing lesser domestic competitive intensity than in the past.
  37. The management has stated that it takes only 5-6 months to set a greenfield facility and thus the company will only take any action to set up a new facility in South India when it feels that sufficient traction can be obtained in the region.
  38. Currently, the internal procurement from subsidiaries is around 3% of revenues. The management expects this number to go to 10% at max.
  39. The CAPEX for the year on a consolidated basis is expected to be Rs 120 Cr where Rs 96 Cr is already done. Out of the 96 Cr, Rs 35 Cr is maintenance Capex and Rs 20 Cr has been used for R&D.
  40. Next year the CAPEX is expected to be less than Rs 120 Cr given the company does not invest in a new facility in South India.
  41. The main competitors in the large PCB board for ILJIN in India are Diamond and Dixon.
  42. The opportunity from import substitution effect in FY21 onwards is from cost rationalization from high volumes of finished. The main growth area from the import substitution opportunity is in components as majority of PCBs and 70% of motors are still being imported at present. 90-95% of washing machine motors are also being imported in India.
  43. The company will not enter into compressor manufacturing as the market size is small and the CAPEX requirement is high.
  44. The inventory days in Sidwal has been improved further from 180 days at the time of acquisition to 84 days at present.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and white good components manufacturer in India. They have achieved phenomenal growth in the current quarter and the management remains optimistic about their prospects for the rest of the year. The performance in this quarter has indicated that the seasonal fluctuations for the industry are decreasing which is good for the company in the long term. The performance of the subsidiaries has been very encouraging and hints at other potential avenues for growth for the company. The company also has a good growth opportunity arriving from the import substitution effect expected to come in FY21 onwards in the components market. It remains to be seen how the company will be affected if the disruption in China from the coronavirus persists as most of the compressors are being imported from China. Nonetheless, given the company’s phenomenal growth record and the massive opportunity in the RAC industry and electronics components market in India, Amber Enterprises remains a preferred player in the white goods industry in India.


 

Q2 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY20 Q2FY19 YoY % Q1FY20 QoQ % H1FY20 H1FY19 YoY%
Sales 392.78 229.04 71.49% 1000.73 -60.75% 1393.52 832.18 67.45%
PBT -5.43 -3.94 -37.82% 76.17 -107.13% 70.73 37.2 90.13%
PAT 4.58* -1.74 363.22% 48.57 -90.57% 53.16 27.11 96.09%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY20 Q2FY19 YoY % Q1FY20 QoQ % H1FY20 H1FY19 YoY%
Sales 623.1 332.9 87.17% 1242.06 -49.83% 1865.16 1042.24 78.96%
PBT 4.64 -3.83 221.15% 91.53 -94.93% 96.17 34.85 175.95%
PAT 12.18** -2.55 577.65% 64.32 -81.06% 76.31 23.94 218.76%

*includes negative tax expenses of Rs 9.96 Cr

**includes negative tax expenses of Rs 7.54 Cr

 

Detailed Results

    1. The company delivered a phenomenal YoY growth of 87% in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits grew more than 5 times YoY in the same period due to the low base in Q2FY19.
    2. EBITDA rose 134% YoY while EBITDA margins improved 113 bps to 5.9% in Q1FY20.
    3. The revenue growth (and current revenue contributions) across operational segments for H1FY20 is:
      • RAC (Room Air Conditioner): Up 89% YoY (63% of total revenues)
      • RAC Components:                 Up 46% YoY (13% of total revenues)
      • Others:                 Up 76% YoY (24% of total revenues)

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company has observed that the seasonality change in the RAC market is reducing going forward and the RAC industry is not being affected by the overall economic slowdown in the domestic market.
  2. The volume growth for the quarter was 127% YoY. The RAC volumes were at 4.13 Lac units vs 1.82 Lac units last year. The volume growth in H1 was 99% YoY. The RAC volumes for H1 was 14.5 Lacs vs 7.3 Lacs last year.
  3. The growth in volumes was primarily due to the addition of new clients like Toshiba and Livepure. The production for e-commerce sites like Flipkart and Amazon has also started.
  4. Sidwal has recently won an order of Rs 167 Cr from BML (Mumbai Metro) which is to be executed in the next 18-24 months.
  5. The company has completed the acquisition of the last tranche of EVER has been completed in October and now Amber holds more than 70% in this company.
  6. The net debt for the standalone company stands at Rs 216 Cr vs Rs 270 cr last quarter. The working capital days were reduced to 45 days vs 57 days last year.
  7. Revenue contribution of subsidiaries for H1 was:
    • PICL: Rs 84 Cr (EBITDA: 6%, PAT: Rs 1.37 Cr)
    • IL JIN: Rs 166 Cr (EBITDA: 5.1%, PAT: Rs 2.53 Cr)
    • Ever: Rs 155 Cr (EBITDA: 3.5%, PAT: Rs 4.35 Cr)
    • Sidwal: Rs 94 Cr (EBITDA: 24%, PAT: Rs 15.5 Cr) (For 5 Months)
  8. The board have proposed an interim dividend of Rs 1.6 per share.
  9. Imports in window RACs have gone down to 2-3% post the import duty hike. 25-30% of indoor units are still being imported from China.
  10. The reduction in gross margins is mainly due to a change in product mix.
  11. The company has seen the RAC industry grow 15%-17% from April to October. Overall industry growth (primary sales) for the year should be around 15-18% range. The conservative range prescribed by the management is mainly as they are being conservative and considering a lagging impact from the economic slowdown on the RAC industry.
  12. The standalone tax rate is around 35%. The company will change into the new tax regime once they have exhausted the MAT.
  13. The pending order book for Sidwal is around Rs 480 Cr to be delivered in the next 18-24 months.
  14. Secondary sales for the industry has ballooned to more than 35% in the year to date.
  15. Online sales of RACs have grown significantly to 12% of volumes currently and the management expects this to rise to 15% in the next 2 years.
  16. In H1, out of the total volume of 14.5 Lacs, IDU counts for 6.98 Lacs, ODU counts for 5.12 Lacs and windows RAC counts for 2.41 Lacs.
  17. Consolidated Capex for the year so far including subsidiaries is Rs 67 Cr and around Rs 56-60 Cr is expected to be done in the rest of the year.
  18. The management feels that gross margins shall stay at similar levels. There is scope for expansion only when new premium products are added to the industry.
  19. Outsourced industry counts for 38% of total industry volumes and the company accounts for 57-58% of this market share.
  20. The company has identified the land package for expansion in Tirupati and the Capex expected here is around Rs 100 Cr over two years. The capacity expansion from this facility should be around 1 million units.
  21. The company has different duration contracts with different customers.
  22. The top 3 customers are LG (17-18%), Voltas (14-15%) and Panasonic (14-15%).
  23. Competition for the company in the outsourced manufacturing market is mainly from Chinese exporters.
  24. The company expects the existing MAT to run down by the end of next year.
  25. The capacity at the Jhajjar facility is around 1.5 million units.
  26. The management expects the industry growth to stay sustained as the replacement cycle for ACs has reduced to 7 years from 13 years previously and the prevalence of air conditioning in public spaces like schools and offices which has necessitated the presence of RACs at homes.
  27. Currently, export contribution to revenues is only Rs 80-90 Cr at annual levels. This is expected to come up slowly and should prove to be a good opportunity for the company in the next 10 years.
  28. The negative other income is mainly due to forex losses. The forex losses in H1 was Rs 1.8 Cr on a consolidated basis.
  29. The new South facility is expected to be financed by internal accruals and the company does not expect any big debt raising to do the same.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and AC components manufacturer in India. They have achieved phenomenal growth in the current quarter and the management remains optimistic about their prospects for the rest of the year. The performance in this quarter has indicated that the seasonal fluctuations for the industry are decreasing which is good for the company in the long term. The performance of the subsidiaries has been very encouraging and hints at other potential avenues for growth for the company. So far the industry has not been adversely affected by the current economic slowdown like other home appliances like TV. It remains to be seen whether the industry and the company shall be able to stay immune from the economic conditions in the future as well. Nonetheless, given their high position in the industry and overall growth prospects of the air conditioning industry, Amber Enterprises remains a good stock to watch out for, particularly since it is yet to come up to its IPO price levels despite delivering strong revenue and volume growth since its IPO.

 


 

Notes on Annual Report (FY18-19)

Industry Outlook

The industry is expected to grow 15%-18% in the next few years. The demand for ACs is mainly driven by a growing number of middle-class households, increasing level of disposable income and higher aspirational levels for living standards. Increasing office and retail spaces in the country, along with booming tourism and hospitality sectors and higher rural electrification will further contribute to the healthy growth of the Indian air conditioner (AC) market.

The above graphic identifies that the vast majority of ACs in the country are still 3-star and there is vast potential for conversion of this segment into 5-star ACs at the end of the product life cycle.

The Indian HVAC market is expected to reach $5.9 billion by 2024, registering a CAGR of 7% during 2014-24 period (Source: globenewswire.com). This market growth can be attributed to the increasing number of high-rise buildings, shopping complexes & malls, and hypermarkets in Tier-II cities. Apart from this, the market is also expected to propel on account of on-going Smart City projects across the country. The market is witnessing a huge shift towards the reduction of operating costs, increasing energy efficiency.

Opportunities Identified by the Company

FY19 Performance Update

  • Annual consolidated revenues for FY19 were Rs 2751.99 Cr which was up 28.3% YoY. Operating EBITDA was at Rs 212.36 Cr while profits for the year were at Rs 94.77 Cr.

 

  • The company had negative operating cash flows for FY19 as unseasonal rains in Q4 led to weak sales for the industry and pileup of inventory. Receivables have also spiked up a great deal in the same period.

 

  • The company has developed the first-ever India-made Inverter controller with IL JIN and Bi Square. They are working on developing low power consuming variants of standard window ACs. The company developed 5-star series in both 1 and 1.5-ton inverter AC categories.

 

  • Amber has initiated the development of VRF (Variable Refrigerant Flow) and Cassette (ceiling-mounted AC) with R410 and R32 green refrigerant for better energy efficiency in the commercial AC segment. The company is working on developing ACs with R32 and R290 refrigerant, resulting in low Global Warming Potential.

 

  • In the future, the company plans to study the concept of developing a solar inverter AC.

 

  • The company added new key clients like Carrier Midea, Micromax, Flipkart and Amazon in FY19.

 

  • On the acquisition of Sidwal, the company gained the following key customers in mobile application HVAC segment for
    • Railways and Metros:
      • Integral Coach Factory (ICF)
      • Rail Coach Factory (RCF)
      • Diesel Locomotive Works (DLW)
      • Chittaranjan Locomotive Works (CLW)
      • Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML)
      • China Railway Rolling Stock Corporation (CRRSC)
    • Defence: Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL)
    • Telecom: Department of Telecom (DoT)
    • Bus: Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs)

 

  • The capital expenditures done in FY19 was at Rs 103.75 Cr.

 

  • The growth in revenue segments is as follows:
    • AC:                 13% YoY (63% of total revenues)
    • AC Components:                 39% YoY (15% of total revenues)
    • Non AC Components: 106% YoY (22% of total Revenues)

 

  • The company entered into a joint development agreement with Infineon, Singapore to develop new invertor technologies.

 

Subsidiaries

The company has a total of 5 subsidiaries. The details of these subsidiaries is as follows:

  1. PICL Pvt Ltd

PICL is an electronics maker based out of Faridabad Haryana. The company is one of the leading manufacturers of AC motors for air conditioners and HVACs. Its leading product occupies 55% of the segment market. The company has been one of the top players in the fractional horsepower motor industry for more than a decade.

The company boasts of many marquee customers in the AC industry like Daikin, Panasonic, Carrier, Blue Star, Voltas, Whirlpool, Amber, etc.

In FY19, PICL reported total revenues of Rs 137.92 Cr and a net loss of Rs 1.61 Cr.

 

  1. IL JIN Electronics Pvt Ltd

IL JIN is PCB (Printed Circuit Board) Maker with manufacturing facilities in Noida and Pune. It is involved in the business of manufacturing, assembling, dealing, importing and exporting PCBs for all kinds of white goods like ACs, washing machines, refrigerators and microwave ovens. They also make high precision PCBs for cars.

Amber owns 70% of IL JIN. In FY19, IL JIN had a total revenue of Rs 335 Cr and a profit of 5.76 Cr.

 

  1. EVER Electronics Pvt Ltd

EVER is a private limited company operating out of Pune. It is involved in the business of assembly of PCBs for white goods like ACs, washing machines, refrigerators and cars.

Amber holds 19% of the company and they plan to bring their stake up to 70% in FY20.

In FY19, EVER had total revenue of Rs 272.24 Cr and a profit of Rs 3.14 Cr.

 

  1. Sidwal Refrigeration Industries Pvt Ltd

Sidwal manufactures HVACs for railways, metros and buses. This shall enable the company to address cooling solutions in new institutional sectors like railways, coach cars, defence, telecom and departmental stores. The company has been in this sector for more than 4 decades and have supplied more than 15,000 HVAC units for railway coaches and more than 2000 HVAC units for metro coaches in India.

 

Advantages Gained from SIdwal Acquisition

The Chairman identifies the following advantages from the Sidwal acquisition:

  • It gives Amber entry into the product segment which has a high entry barrier of up to 6-7 years. Besides this, setting up a pan-India service network for maintenance of the coaches makes the entry for any new player even more challenging.
  • It provides Amber with access to proprietary technology for commercial ACs, air handling units and fan coil units.
  • It adds a new business vertical in the form of mobile application and commercial application of air-conditioners.
  • It will reduce the seasonal dependency of RAC business up to a certain extent
  • With raw materials being common for both the companies, it will allow Amber to leverage its procurement capabilities in bringing down the raw material costs.
  • The funding for Sidwal was done using internal accruals and partial debt which saw the rise in debt to equity in FY19.
  • This acquisition is strategically important because of a few factors:
    • The Government of India has planned to build a metro railway system across cities with a population of over 2 million.
    • With urbanization and long summer months, more commuters are preferring air-conditioned travel in trains or busses. As a result, there is an increasing number of air-conditioned passenger coaches in the railways in recent years. Even the intercity local trains are expected to be converted into air-conditioned coaches in the near future.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises is an important emerging player in the Indian AC industry. The company has made some good acquisitions to bring down their overall costs through vertical integration and expand its product portfolio to achieve higher margins and reduce dependence on RACs. Amber has shown good performance in the recent past and has the inherent advantage of operating in the fast-rising RAC industry which is still in its nascent penetration stage in India and has a lot of room to grow and expand. At Rs 840 at roughly 30% below its IPO issue price 1180, the company looks interesting. If the company continues to maintain its growth rate, valuation at 22 times price to earnings looks reasonable. However, the working capital cycle has got stretched in recent times which we believe we should monitor closely. ROE of the company for the past three years show an increasing trend but is still not very attractive. Hence it remains to be seen if future growth can lift the ROE. Nonetheless, Amber Enterprises is a company worth tracking.

 


Q1 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY20 Q1FY19 YoY % Q4FY19 QoQ %
Sales 1000.73 603.14 65.92% 976.13 2.52%
PBT 76.17 41.14 85.15% 89.04 -14.45%
PAT 48.58 28.87 68.27% 61.37 -20.84%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY20 Q1FY19 YoY % Q4FY19 QoQ %
Sales 1242.06 709.33 75.10% 1201.39 3.39%
PBT 91.53 38.69 136.57% 93.89 -2.51%
PAT 64.32 26.49 142.81% 66.83 -3.76%

Detailed Results

    1. The company delivered a phenomenal YoY growth of 75% in consolidated revenues while consolidated profits grew 1.4 times YoY in the same period.
    2. EBITDA rose 85% YoY while EBITDA margins improved 51 bps to 9.4% in Q1FY20. PAT margins also improved 146 bps YoY to 5.2% currently.
    3. The company credited their huge revenue growth to addition of new customers, increasing wallet share of existing customers and industry growth.
    4. The revenue growth (and current revenue contributions) across operational segments is:
      • RAC (Room Air Conditioner):  Up 79% YoY (69% of total revenues)
      • RAC Components:                      Up 43% YoY (12% of total revenues)
      • Others:                                          Up 86% YoY (19% of total revenues)
    5. In standalone terms, RAC sales volumes grew 89% YoY to 1,039,000 units in Q1FY20.
    6. In standalone terms, EBITDA margins fell 66 bps YoY to 9.4% currently. PAT margins improved marginally to 4.9%.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company has completed the acquisition of Sidwal Refrigeration Industries Pvt Ltd and has made it a subsidiary on 2nd May 2019.
  2. The company has identified good cross-selling opportunities, operational efficiency and margin enhancement arising from synergies of this acquisition. They also see good potential in Sidwal due to the various metro systems being constructed in the country and the increase in demand for AC passenger coaches in railways over the years.
  3. The company has benefitted from the rise in customs duty and addition of energy-efficient models which has helped shift industry players to domestic procurement from imports. This has resulted in growth for not only the RAC division but also in the AC and non-AC components have seen rising momentum and greater penetration in their markets.
  4. The company expects this growth and penetration to persist for the next 2 quarters.
  5. The net debt for in standalone basis as of 30th June 2019 was Rs 270 Cr while the working capital days came in at 41 days.
  6. The revenue contribution of the company’s subsidiaries in Q1 is:
    • PICL: Rs 50 Cr (Rs 30 Cr in Q1FY19)
    • IL JIN: Rs 91 Cr (Rs 83 Cr in Q1FY19)
    • Ever: Rs 89 Cr
    • Sidwal: Rs 31 Cr (for 2 months of May and June)
  7. The net debt on a consolidated basis was Rs 381 Cr.
  8. The company expects high growth from IL JIN and Ever in the rest of the financial year due to the addition of many new customers in Q4FY19 and Q1FY20.
  9. The management has stated that the fall in standalone gross margins of 66 bps was mainly due to the product mix where they sold more of the low margin indoor units which resulted in the current number.
  10. The channel inventory levels have bottomed out for the company and without any drastic negative surprises, the company expects the next 2 quarters to be very good for the industry.
  11. The current level of outsourcing for major AC sellers in the country is around 35-36%. The company does not see a big threat if major industry players start a new manufacturing line and this outsourcing % goes down. This is because it would be very positive for the company’s RAC components division as all major manufacturers will still require these components and thus new manufacturing lines will result in higher demand for AC components.
  12. The company has seen the above phenomenon happen with LG which has been a major customer of the company and still remains so.
  13. The company’s focus is on acting as a one-stop solutions providers for any and every player in the air conditioning and ventilation industry. Thus it does not matter whether any client is turning down outsourcing as long as the overall wallet share for the client does not drop.
  14. The management has explained that volumes in Q2 and Q3 will depend on overall inventory levels and online players without any manufacturing facilities of their own may bring up volumes given less demand from marquee clients in these quarters.
  15. The company has maintained that its bottom lines in prices is independent of the final sellers’ bottom line. The company has received good price increase from customers who were previously importing these products from China.
  16. The management has refrained from providing any absolute volumes guidance and has maintained that they will try and stay ahead of the industry. They also do not know how the current economic slowdown shall affect their industry but they believe that industry should decent growth in the next few quarters.
  17. The consolidated net working capital days for the company has reduced to 38 days from 49 days a year ago.
  18. The company has taken around Rs 150 Cr to fund the Sidwal acquisition. Sidwal has added Rs 55 cr of additional debt of itself to the consolidated balance sheet.
  19. Currently, the capacity utilization of the company was at 80%.
  20. The company has recently added Toshiba, Samsung, Sansui, Flipkart and Amazon Basics as customers. The top three customers for the company remain LG, Panasonic, and Voltas. These three contribute around 16%-17% of revenues each.
  21. Indoor Unit Volumes have grown more than 100% QoQ to 4,80,000 units. The window AC volumes have risen to 1,70,000 from 1,40,000 and there was small growth in outdoor unit volumes.
  22. This was mainly because the majority of imports for the industry were in indoor units which went down due to the hike in customs duty.
  23. The company expects this growth trend to continue as the industry grows and more and more sellers turn to domestic manufacturers.
  24. The company is focusing on adding new customers to lower the large concentration from a single customer. They have also initiated an R&D process for developing higher-margin products in IL JIN which should benefit both subsidiaries in the future.
  25. The company has worked hard in Sidwal and reduced the working capital days from 180 days on the acquisition date to 128 days currently. The management thinks that they can bring it down further to 90-100 days in the next 2 years.
  26. On a consolidated basis, the company has Rs 125 Cr lined for Capex in FY20 out of which almost Rs 25 cr has already been spent. Most of this CAPEX is to be in ramping up R&D facilities in the parent and subsidiary companies.
  27. This CAPEX plan is to be done solely using internal accruals.
  28. The company has confirmed that they have an order book of Rs 185-190 Cr for Sidwal this year given no changes in their product delivery schedule.
  29. The management has said that they expect the energy ratings to change in the year 2021 at least.
  30. The company is expecting an industry growth of 20% for the AC industry while the refrigerator industry should be growing 8-9% in the year.
  31. The management has said that they have seen the current economic slowdown affect TV sales and other home appliances but ACs and refrigerators have remained immune to this so far.

Analyst’s View

Amber Enterprises has cemented its position as a prime AC and AC components manufacturer in India. They have achieved phenomenal growth in the recent path and are expected to stay on course for the next few quarters. The company has done well to establish themselves as a one-stop solutions provider for the AC industry and has thus managed to mitigate any drop in outsourcing from the components supplying business. The company guides that more than 20% growth is expected for the entire industry. So far the industry has not been adversely affected by the current economic slowdown like other home appliances like TV. It remains to be seen whether the industry and the company shall be able to stay immune from the economic conditions in the country and whether the projected growth rate of the industry is sustainable for the next few years. Return on equity for the company is not very attractive at the moment. Hence, it remains to be seen if the ratios improve in the coming years. Nonetheless, being a market leader in AC & AC component market in India, it should be tracked closely.

 

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