About the Company

Balkrishna Industries Limited (BKT) is a tire manufacturing company based in Mumbai, India. Balkrishna Industries manufactures off-highway tires used in specialist segments like mining, earthmoving, agriculture and gardening in five factories located in Aurangabad, Bhiwadi, Chopanki, Dombivali, and Bhuj. In 2013, it was ranked 41st among the world’s tire makers.

Balkrishna Industries is currently an OEM vendor for heavy equipment manufacturers like JCB, John Deere, and CNH Industrial. The company currently enjoys a 6% market share of the global off-the-road tire segment.

If you are interested to know about the business of BKT in detail, watch this video 

Q2FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY22 Q2FY21 YoY % Q1FY22 QoQ % H1FY22 H1FY21 YoY%
Sales 2182 1597 36.6% 1891 15.38% 4074 2559 59.2%
PBT 542 450 20.4% 484 11.98% 1027 612 67.8%
PAT 377 339 11.2% 331 13.89% 708 461 53.5%
Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY22 Q2FY21 YoY % Q1FY22 QoQ % H1FY22 H1FY21 YoY%
Sales 2205 1598 38% 1885 17% 4090 2576 58.77%
PBT 557 452 23.2% 484 15% 1041 624 66.82%
PAT 391 340 15% 330 18.5% 721 472 52.75%

Detailed Results:

  1. The revenue for the quarter grew 38% YoY & 17% QoQ in consolidated terms.
  2. PBT was up 20.4% YoY & 23.2% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q2.
  3. Consolidated PAT was up 15% YoY in the quarter.
  4. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 72,748 metric tons which were up 19% YoY which was also its highest ever quarterly sales volume.
  5. The EBITDA margin fell 683 bps YoY to 27.1% in Q2.
  6. The company announced a second interim dividend of Rs 4 per share.
  7. Sales breakup in H1 for the company is:
    1. Agri-65.8%, OTR-30.9%, Others-3.3%.
    2. Replacement-70.3%, OEM-26.7%, Others-3%
    3. EU-54%, Americas-16.7%, India-17.3%, RoW-12%
  8. The company saw a forex gain of Rs 71 Cr in Q2.
  9. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1659 Cr as of 30th Sept 2021.
  10. The company raised fixed rate liability of Rs 500 Cr from EU at an effective interest rate of 0.055% for 3.5 years in Q2.
  11. The old Waluj plant will be upgraded with the capex required for this to be at Rs 350 Cr and this new capacity will come online in Q3FY23.
  12. The company is aiming to reach achievable capacity of 3.6 Lac tons per year by the end of FY23.
  13. The company has revised its volume guidance to 275,000 – 285,000 MT.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. To meet the buoyant demands, the board has decided to continue operations at the old Waluj plant and to upgrade it.
  2. The gross debt stood at Rs 1443 Cr for BKT. The company has completed Rs 838 Cr of capex in H1 of which Rs 700 Cr was from the planned Rs 1900 Capex plan.
  3. The management states that some portion of the incremental logistics cost has been passed on to the customers, making the QoQ average selling price higher.
  4. The company has reported lower RM costs compared to the sharp inflation because of passing on and recovering the shipping costs.
  5. The earlier realization was INR 266 which is currently INR 286, so the company has passed on 2% to 3%. The management expects the realizations to remain at current levels only going ahead.
  6. The management sees a 2% to 3% cost increase in RM costs due to rising crude prices.
  7. The management is proposing to take another price hike from January to cope with the cost increases.
  8. BKT will do around Rs 400 crore capex in H2 out of the revised capex target of Rs 1100 crore for FY22.
  9. The management sees stability in freight costs for the ahead quarter with prices remaining high and also accepts that the availability of containers has been an issue for the company.
  10. The current capacity of the company stands at 285k MTPA.
  11. The overall market share for BKT has grown to 4-4.5% while in OHT, BKT has a market share of 5.5% to 6% currently.
  12. The management says that its long-term endeavor is to maintain an EBITDA margin of 28% to 30%. It expects the company to deliver in this range for the year.
  13. The total shipping cost is 6-7% from 2-3 % in the past, out of which half has been passed on to the customers.
  14. The revenue share for Mining has gone up from 8% to 13% for BKT. OTR and Industrial segments account for 31% of revenues.
  15. Currently, the company is operating at 100% capacity utilization because of demand exceeding supply.
  16. The management is seeing good demand in the European Tractor replacement market and is expecting it to continue.
  17. The management says that the marketing and branding are helping the company to consistently outperform in prolonged downturns in the markets.
  18. The management says that for capacity constraints after the completion of the current capex, it will do another round of brownfield expansion in Q3 next year which would be completed in 12 months.
  19. The management remains committed to reaching a 10% market share in the OHT segment from the current market share of 6%.
  20. Raw material costs of the company have increased more compared to peers because of continuous buying of inventory for longer periods. The lag time for the increased raw material prices to reflect is 2 months.
  21. Globally the company is spending at Rs 130-140 Cr on A&P annually and it plans to continue on this level.
  22. The current inventory level is at 1.5 to 2 months.
  23. Carbon black sales volume for H1 was at 9k tons, about Rs 88 Cr in value which is around 3% of revenues.
  24. The payback period for the brownfield expansion is expected to be at 4 years and for greenfield expansion, it is expected to be at 5 to 6 years.
  25. In India volumes, 40% is from Agri and 60% is from Industrial, Construction, and OTR.

Analyst’s View:

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company witnessed another phenomenal quarter with its highest ever quarterly sales volumes ever sold and highest ever quarterly revenues. BKT is seeing continuous growth in North America while the India market was stagnant in Q2. It is looking to maintain a steady EBITDA margin of 28-30% and has done a price increase of 2-3% in July to preserve margins despite rising RM & logistics costs. The management maintains that the end industries are all seeing positive trends and good tailwinds and the company embarked on its big new capex due to the growth expectations arising from these trends. It remains to be seen how the India market shapes up for BKT in going forward and how the company’s plans for the new capex pans out. Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a slow global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.

 


 

Q1FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY22 Q1FY21 YoY % Q4FY21 QoQ %
Sales 1891 962 96.57% 1804 4.82%
PBT 485 162 199.38% 495 -2.02%
PAT 331 122 171.31% 372 -11.02%
Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY22 Q1FY21 YoY % Q4FY21 QoQ %
Sales 1885 979 92.54% 1815 3.86%
PBT 484 172 181% 503 -3.78%
PAT 331 132 151% 380 -12.89%

Detailed Results:

  1. The revenue for the quarter grew 93% YoY & 4% QoQ in consolidated terms.
  2. PBT was up 199% YoY & 181% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q1.
  3. Consolidated PAT was up 151% YoY in the quarter.
  4. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 68,608 tons which were up 80% YoY which was also its highest ever quarterly sales volume.
  5. The EBITDA margin improved 169 bps YoY to 29.2% in Q1.
  6. The company announced a interim dividend for FY22 of Rs 4 per share.
  7. Sales breakup in Q1 for the company is:
    1. Agri-65.9%, OTR-30.9%, Others-3.2%.
    2. Replacement-71.9%, OEM-25.6%, Others-2.6%
    3. EU-52.7%, Americas-16.1%, India-19%, RoW-12.2%
  8. The company saw a forex gain of Rs 38 Cr in Q1.
  9. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1557 Cr as of 30th June 2021.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The margins profile for the company is expected to be dragged in the next quarter due to raw material prices and logistics costs staying up.
  2. The company has taken price increases at the end of the quarter and the management maintains that it will keep EBITDA margins in the range of 28-30%.
  3. The company did Rs 366 Cr of capex in Q1. Around Rs 200 Cr of this Q1 capex was from the multi-year capex program of Rs 1900 Cr.
  4. The management is guiding for sales volumes of 250,000 to 265,000 MT in FY22.
  5. The price increase in July was at 2-3% for BKT.
  6. The management expects demand to stay strong and expand in the coming years and thus it had decided on the multi-year capex plan.
  7. The current capacity is 285,000 MTPA for BKT.
  8. The management states that all end industry segments are seeing positive trends with good tailwinds in all spaces.
  9. Despite the rise in demand, the company doesn’t have any understocking issues according to the management.
  10. USA has seen good growth for the business in recent quarters.
  11. The pricing gap between BKT and international competitors will narrow over time as the company will strive to build its brand and use it to get better prices and reduce dependence on the pricing advantage to keep up demand.
  12. At the base level, inventory at dealer level is at 40-45 days. Due to the rise in demand the dealer inventory levels fell to 20-25 days and it has now come back to 35-40 days.
  13. The company is indeed working on innovation and products that may be part of rising niches like EVs in agriculture or mining, but it is too early to tell on these developments according to the management.
  14. Other expenses have gone up 90 bps QoQ mainly due to a rise in logistics costs.
  15. The company will continue to maintain brand building spend at Rs 120 Cr at the aggregate level.
  16. The contribution from India has fallen from 23% in Q4FY21 to 19% in Q1 due to loss of operations from state lockdowns during the 2nd wave of COVID-19 which was going in April and May.
  17. The company’s utilization levels are nearing the peak level but the management is confident that the new capex will be online by the time it hits peak level.
  18. Although there have been floods in Germany which is a key market for BKT, it doesn’t seem to have had much effect on the demand situation in the region.
  19. The company expects good demand in the OTR segment from South America, Africa, and Australia.
  20. The company is indeed on the lookout for possible acquisitions, but it is looking for prospects in India only at the moment.
  21. The global Agri and OTR tire space is growing at a CAGR of 3-5% while BKT has a market share of 5-5.5% currently.
  22. The full-year capex for FY22 is expected to be around Rs 900-1000 Cr.
  23. Excluding China, the company’s global market share would be at 7-8%.
  24. In India, the company is pricing its products in the premium range and is on par with top manufacturers.
  25. Most of the volume growth has come from the existing distributor network and the company has not done any major distribution expansion in the last 1 year and has instead worked on identifying current network gaps and filling these gaps.
  26. The management has admitted that the China Plus One strategy that is present in many manufacturing industries is not going on in the international tires market.

Analyst’s View:

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company witnessed another phenomenal quarter with its highest ever quarterly sales volumes ever sold and highest ever quarterly revenues. BKT is seeing continuous growth in North America while the India market was stagnant in Q1 due to state lockdowns. It is also looking to keep growing with a steady EBITDA margin of 28-30% and has even done a price increase of 2-3% in July to preserve margins despite rising RM & logistics costs. The management maintains that the end industries are all seeing positive trends and good tailwinds and the company embarked on its big new capex due to the growth expectations arising from these trends. It remains to be seen how the India market shapes up for BKT in going forward and how the company’s plans for the new capex pans out. Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a slow global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.

 


 

Q4FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY21 Q4FY20 YoY % Q3FY21 QoQ % FY21 FY20 YoY%
Sales 1804 1424 26.69% 1556 15.94% 5919 5031 17.65%
PBT 495 339 46.02% 424 16.75% 1531 1123 36.33%
PAT 372 257 44.75% 322 15.53% 1155 945 22.22%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY21 Q4FY20 YoY % Q3FY21 QoQ % FY21 FY20 YoY%
Sales 1815 1438 26.22% 1564 16.05% 5955 5062 17.64%
PBT 503 346 45% 428 17.52% 1555 1140 36.40%
PAT 380 265 43% 325 16.92% 1178 960 22.71%

Detailed Results

  1. The revenue for the quarter grew 26% YoY in consolidated terms.
  2. PBT was up 46% YoY & 45% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q4.
  3. Consolidated PAT was up 43% YoY in the quarter.
  4. FY21 figures were also very good with revenues rising 18% YoY while PBT and PAT rose 36% YoY and 23% YoY respectively.
  5. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 68,002 tons which were up 17% YoY which was also its highest ever quarterly sales volume.
  6. The EBITDA margin improved 254 bps YoY to 31.9% in Q4.
  7. The company announced a final dividend for FY21 of Rs 5 per share.
  8. Sales breakup in FY21 for the company is:
    1. Agri-64%, OTR-32%, Others-4%.
    2. Replacement-70%, OEM-26%, Others-4%
    3. EU-50%, Americas-15%, India-23%, RoW-13%
  9. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1475 Cr as of 31st Mar 2021.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. FY21 sales volumes were at 227,131 metric tons.
  2. The management is guiding for sales volume between 250,000 to 265,000 metric tons in FY22.
  3. The greenfield tire project in Waluj is going as scheduled. The project is expected to be completed by 30th September 2021.
  4. The total new capex of Rs 1900 Cr is expected to be done by H1FY23.
  5. Other income for the quarter stood at INR 20 crores, while unrealized gains stood at INR 23 crores. For financial year ’21, other income stood at INR 119 crores, while unrealized gains stood at INR 18 crores.
  6. The gross debt stood at INR 893 crores.
  7. RM prices are expected to have risen 3-4% in Q1. The company has passed on the price increases to customers by doing a price increase in Jan & April.
  8. The management is expecting to see immediate capacity rise from debottlenecking, but it remains confident of delivering on the volume guidance for FY22.
  9. Capex guidance for FY22 is Rs 800-850 Cr including maintenance capex.
  10. The majority of the Rs 1900 Cr capex is for upgrading and automation of the existing tire plant. CapEx for the carbon plant and the power plant would come a little later.
  11. The management expects the OTR contribution to rise to 50% in the next few years.
  12. The main reason for the rise in other expenses in Q4 is the spike in logistics costs. Logistics costs are expected to ease by H2FY22.
  13. The margin contribution for OTR is the same as the tires from the Agri segment.
  14. India sales have grown 29% YoY and the company now has a market share of 4-5% here.
  15. The market size in North America is expected to be as big as EU for BKT.
  16. The company has also added distribution in the online channel in North America.
  17. The management states that the demand from OEMs is rising for both agri and OTR segments.
  18. The lead time from going to the customer to getting feedback on products is around 6-9 months for an OEM customer. Thus, the company will have its feedback ready by the time the capacity expansion is done.
  19. The management also expects RM prices to rise 4-5% in the next quarter. Availability is not an issue for RM procurement, but logistics is the main issue here.
  20. The incremental demand is coming from both old and new distribution points with the old ones accounting for the bulk of it.
  21. The company is holding around 38-40 days of inventory at present.
  22. The company is currently at 5-6% of the global market share.
  23. The total A&P spend in FY21 is around Rs 100 Cr. The company is looking to increase it to Rs 120-125 Cr in the coming years with capacity expansion.
  24. The price gap with international competitors is going to narrow going forward but BKT will maintain a min gap of 12-15% while trying to enhance its brand building. Currently, the price difference is around 20-22%.
  25. The management has stated that it is looking to maintain an EBITDA margin at 28-30% on a long-term sustainable rate.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company witnessed a phenomenal Q4 with its highest ever quarterly sales volumes ever sold. It has also hiked its volume guidance for FY22 due to a continuous rise in sales. BKT is seeing continuous growth in North America and India markets. It is also looking to keep growing with a steady EBITDA margin of 28-30%. The company is expecting the capex projects to run on schedule. The company is also expecting to see a rise in the OTR segment and both OTR & Agri segments to become equal contributors to sales in a few years. Although RM price inflation is expected in the near term, BKT is looking to pass on any price increases to customers as it has done so since Jan 2021. It remains to be seen how the India market shapes up for BKT in Q1 due to the 2nd wave of COVID-19 and how the company’s plans for the new capex pans out. Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a slow global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.

 


 

Q3FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY21 Q3FY20 YoY % Q2FY21 QoQ % 9MFY21 9MFY20 YoY%
Sales 1556 1191 30.65% 1597 -2.57% 4115 3608 14.05%
PBT 424 275 54.18% 451 -5.99% 1036 784 32.14%
PAT 322 221 45.70% 339 -5.01% 783 688 13.81%

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY21 Q3FY20 YoY % Q2FY21 QoQ % 9MFY21 9MFY20 YoY%
Sales 1564 1186 31.87% 1598 -2.13% 4141 3624 14.27%
PBT 428 278 54% 452 -5.31% 1052 793 32.66%
PAT 325 224 45% 341 -4.69% 798 695 14.82%

Detailed Results

  1. The revenue for the quarter grew 32% YoY in consolidated terms.
  2. PBT was up 54% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q3.
  3. Consolidated PAT was up 45% YoY in the quarter.
  4. 9M figures were also very good with revenues rising 14% YoY while PBT and PAT rose 33% YoY and 15% YoY respectively.
  5. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 59,810 tons which were up 26% YoY.
  6. Sales volumes for 9M were up 11% YoY which is very good considering the fall in performance in Q1.
  7. The EBITDA margin improved 70 bps YoY to 31.9% in Q3.
  8. The company announced a third interim dividend for FY21 of Rs 5 per share.
  9. Net forex gain for Q3 was at Rs 15 Cr vs a gain of Rs 6 Cr a year ago.
  10. Sales breakup in 9M for the company is:
    1. Agri-64%, OTR-33%, Others-3%.
    2. Replacement-71%, OEM-25%, Others-4%
    3. EU-49%, Americas-15%, India-23%, RoW-13%
  11. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1423 Cr as of 31st Dec 2020.
  12. The previously guided CapEx programs are on track for the company.
  13. BKT announced new capex programs of Rs 1900 Cr which included:
    1. Debottlenecking and Brownfield expansion at Bhuj; Expansion to add ~50,000 MTPA capacity; expected completion by H2FY23; Capex cost of up to Rs 800 Cr.
    2. Expanding carbon black capacity to 200,000 MTPA including 30,000 MTPA of high value advanced carbon material and Power Plant; Capex cost of up to Rs 650 Cr; expected completion by H1FY23.
    3. Modernization, automation, and technology upgradation of existing facilities; Capex cost of up to Rs. 450cr; expected to be completed by H1FY23.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. 9M volumes were at 159,310 MT. the management has increased its volumes guidance for FY21 to 215,000 to 220,000 MT.
  2. The new facility for 57-inch ultra large giant all-steel radial tire plant of 5,000 MTPA has been completed.
  3. The carbon black plant has been running at full capacity as third-party sales have also commenced and there is strong acceptance for the product.
  4. The management has stated that BKT has planned the new capex so that it doesn’t face any capacity constraints from FY23 onwards.
  5. Production is expected to commence in the greenfield tire plant at Waluj from Q1FY22.
  6. The management expects payback in 5-6 years on the new capex in the carbon black plant.
  7. The management has stated that the decision to expand carbon black capacity was taken due to good demand in the market for it and possible future requirements.
  8. The modernization project will mainly result in manpower reduction and automation of many processes. The impact should not only be reflected in the margin; it will also result in an increase in product quality according to the management.
  9. The management has stated that because of the market moving towards radialization, equipment upgradation is necessary. It has also clarified that the automation will only be in material handling and movement processes.
  10. Market share in USA and EU are between 5-6% for BKT.
  11. Around 25-30% of carbon black capacity is available for third party sales.
  12. The margin on carbon black sales is at 15-16% which is the industry norm.
  13. The management has stated that since 75-80% of carbon black is for internal consumption, it should not have any adverse impact on the overall margin for BKT.
  14. Maintenance capex will vary from Rs 100-200 Cr per year.
  15. The management has clarified that the Bhuj plant expansion is high because it will also have the automation and modernization aspect included in it.
  16. The management has reassured that the expansion of the carbon black plant is not at the expense of the tire business and the tire business will remain core for BKT. The carbon black expansion is mainly for pre-empting expansion in tire capacity in the future even after 5-7 years. It has also stated that carbon black capacity expansion cannot be done in small increments and that it should yield certain economies of scale and thus the decision to expand it in a large increment was taken.
  17. The rated capacity and achievable capacity for carbon black plant are different as the plant is required to be shut down from time to time as per the norms of the pollution boards.
  18. The management has stated that mostly the advanced variant of carbon black with a capacity of 30,000 Mt will be for third party sales. The margin in this variant should be 4-5% higher than the lower quality one.
  19. The modernization requirement is necessary as some of the plants like the one in Bhiwadi was formed in 2001-03. The management has stated that the requirement for modernization should come up every 7-10 years.
  20. Currently carbon black sales account for less than 2% of revenues.
  21. The company has not seen any opportunities from announced PLI schemes by the Govt of India.
  22. After abandoning the plan for an overseas plant, the company is looking to make its distributors stronger and getting them to stock more material to keep business close to end customers.
  23. The company developed small lots for testing which grade of carbon black would be well received and after testing and feedback it concluded to make the advanced carbon black which is basically mid-category that sits above the grade used to make tires and plastic.
  24. Starting Q4, the company is also going to take some price increase of 2-3% to negate these enhanced costs and maintain EBITDA margins near 28-30%.
  25. The management has also emphasized that the upgrades are also necessary to be able to compete fairly with international giants so that BKt can continue to compete effectively and doesn’t get left behind by the market leaders.
  26. The usage of the advanced carbon black will be mainly in print and ink grades and certain high-quality plastic grades.
  27. Depending on the demand situation, the new capacity can be ramped up to full utilization within 1 quarter after completion.
  28. Around half of the new capacity will come in H2FY23 and the rest will come in FY24.
  29. Capex done in FY21 to date is at Rs 600 Cr and around Rs 100-120 Cr is expected in Q4. This is including maintenance capex.
  30. The company has around 2 months of raw materials inventory at the moment. RM prices have gone up 4-5% in last 2 quarters. BKT is looking to pass on this rise in Q4 and the next quarter.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company witnessed a great Q3 with continued momentum from Q2. It has also hiked its volume guidance for FY21 due to a continuous rise in sales. BKT has also announced a capex plan for Rs 1900 Cr for expansion of the Bhuj plant, expansion of carbon black capacity, and modernization of existing plants. These projects are expected to be completed by H2FY23 and are necessary to maintain momentum and stay competitive according to management. It remains to be seen whether there are any other RM shocks to come for BKT and how the company’s plans for the new capex pans out. Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a slow global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.


Q2FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY21 Q2FY20 YoY % Q1FY21 QoQ % H1FY21 H1FY20 YoY
Sales 1597 1152 38.63% 962 66.01% 2559 2417 5.88%
PBT 451 256 76.17% 162 178.40% 612 509 20.24%
PAT 339 291* 16.49% 122 177.87% 461 467 -1.28%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY21 Q2FY20 YoY % Q1FY21 QoQ % H1FY21 H1FY20 YoY
Sales 1598 1165 37.17% 979 63.23% 2577 2438 5.70%
PBT 452 260 73.85% 172 162.79% 625 515 21.36%
PAT 341 294* 15.99% 132 158.33% 473 471 0.42%

*includes a negative tax of Rs 35 Cr.

Detailed Results

  1. The revenue for the quarter grew 37% YoY in consolidated terms.
  2. PBT was up 76% and 74% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q2.
  3. Consolidated PAT was up 16% YoY in the quarter.
  4. Record Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 61,224 tons which were up 61% QoQ and 35% YoY.
  5. Sales volumes for H1 were up a modest 3% YoY which is very good considering the fall in performance in Q1.
  6. The EBITDA margin improved 610 bps YoY to 34% in Q2.
  7. Net forex loss for Q2 was at Rs 4 Cr vs a gain of Rs 55 Cr a year ago.
  8. Sales breakup for the company is:
    1. Agri-64%, OTR-33%, Others-3%.
    2. Replacement-71%, OEM-25%, Others-4%
    3. EU-51%, Americas-14%, India-23%, RoW-13%
  9. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1299 Cr as of 30th Sep 2020.
  10. The previously guided CapEx programs are on track for the company.
  11. The company announced a 2nd interim dividend of Rs 4 per share.
  12. The company has become a premium partner for EUROLEAGUE BASKETBALL and is also sponsoring the Tractor of the year (TotY)-EUROPE award.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company’s current capacity is at 3,05,000 MTPA including 5,000 MTPA for ultra-large All Steel radial mining tire.
  2. Due to some redundancy in product sizes and technology, this capacity can come down to 280,000 MTPA.
  3. BKT is exploring investments by the way of a brownfield CapEx at existing locations to create capacity.
  4. The management expects FY21 volumes to exceed FY20 volumes.
  5. The management is guiding for marginal growth in volumes in FY21 mainly due to the second coming of COVID-19 which is expected to slow down sales momentum in the company’s principal market of EU.
  6. The inventory buildup since March in the EU has come down significantly and is slowly being built up to normal levels. The company has also gained market share in both Agri and non-agri segments in the region.
  7. The management maintains that the company’s long term EBITDA margin shall stay in the 28-30% range.
  8. The company has generally seen a trend of rising rubber prices.
  9. The company has hedged for euro at 82.4 in Q2 and 83.4 in H1. For FY22, the rate is at 85.
  10. Production during the quarter was at 61,223 tons.
  11. The market trend in India is strong and the company is steadily gaining market share. It has also seen a good increase in visibility and brand image due to the sponsorship with IPL 2020.
  12. The management is aiming to keep expenses at around 21% of sales.
  13. The company has seen good growth in the OTR segment which has seen this segment revenue share rise to 33% from 20% previously. The company is also optimistic about this segment due to the launch of its ultra-large radial tires.
  14. The company is gaining good market share in Asia and Australia but is struggling in South America and Africa due to import restrictions in these regions.
  15. The import ban on tires in India has not had any impact on BKT as it is applicable only to commercial vehicles.
  16. The company has gotten confirmation from its OEM customers that there will not be any delay in procurement and distributors expect sales to continue despite lockdown in the EU.
  17. The management insists that the growth in volumes in the EU was organic in nature and was not due to any ban on Chinese tires as there hasn’t been any such ban.
  18. The EBITDA margin of 34% in Q2 is expected to be a one-off and over the long term, margins are expected to stay in the guided range of 28-30%.
  19. The company will not be looking to take any impairment charges for the reduced capacity as no machines will be redundant. The existing machines will be repurposed for larger sizes from smaller sizes and this will result in lower overall capacity. This shift towards larger sizes is purely due to current market trends.
  20. The company will continue to add around 100 SKUs each year.
  21. The gross margin for Q2 was at 61%. The management state that the sustainable gross margin for the company should be at 58%.
  22. The management is confident that the reduced capacity will be enough for the company’s growth prospects for the next 2-3 years.
  23. The carbon black sales are at 2% of overall sales for BKT. This is around 20% of the carbon black capacity for BKT.
  24. The Capex guidance for Fy21 was at rs 700 Cr out of which Rs 350 Cr is already done. Capex for FY22 should around similar levels. The maintenance Capex should be at Rs 200 Cr per year.
  25. In the USA, the company is seeing good pull demand due to its branding efforts in the last 2-3 years. It is also increasing its dealer network. The company is also developing USA specific products which should also help the company capture more market share here.
  26. The brand spending will remain roughly the same at current levels of Rs 100 Cr per year.
  27. There shouldn’t be a major change in average selling price due to the shifting product mix from the reduction in capacity. The ASP is expected to remain near Rs 250 per kg for the company.
  28. BKT’s market share is about 5% to 6% in the Indian market. There is good scope for market capture in India for BKT according to the management.
  29. On average selling price and realization is lower for sales in India as compared to export sales.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company witnessed a tepid Q1 mainly due to the disruption in sales from COVID-19. It has however been able to increase EBITDA margins and volumes YoY in Q2. The company is also expecting sales volumes to grow marginally in FY21 over FY20 which is a testament to the company’s revival post-COVID-19. The company is also looking to shift its product mix more towards larger sizes which are expected to result in marginally lower capacity which the management assures will be enough for growth prospects for the next 2-3 years. It remains to be seen whether there are any other economic shocks to come from COVID-19 and whether the company’s projections of rising demand from Agri and non-Agri sectors pans out as expected.  Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a slow global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.


Q1FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY21 Q1FY20 YoY % Q4FY20 QoQ %
Sales 962 1265 -23.95% 1424 -32.44%
PBT 162 254 -36.22% 339 -52.21%
PAT 122 176 -30.68% 257 -52.53%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY21 Q1FY20 YoY % Q4FY20 QoQ %
Sales 979 1273 -23.10% 1438 -31.92%
PBT 172 255 -32.55% 346 -50.29%
PAT 132 177 -25.42% 265 -50.19%

Detailed Results

    1. The revenue for the quarter declined 23% YoY in consolidated terms.
    2. PBT was down 36% and 23% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q1.
    3. Consolidated PAT fell 25% YoY in the quarter.
    4. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 38,096 tons which were down 25% YoY.
    5. The EBITDA margin improved 240 bps YoY to 26.7% in Q1.
    6. Net forex gain for Q1 was at Rs 13 Cr vs Rs 24 Cr a year ago.
    7. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1175 Cr as of 30th June 2020.
    8. The previously guided CapEx programs are on track for the company.
    9. The company announced an interim dividend of Rs 3 per share.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The non-agriculture segment is moving slowly on account of low commodity prices and end-user demand while the agriculture segment is showing strong demand across all geographies.
  2. The rise in EBITDA margin was mainly on account of lower absorption of fixed cost owing to lower production and sales.
  3. The market share for BKT in India currently is 7% and it is steadily increasing in this segment.
  4. Around 40-45% of domestic sales are from tractors.
  5. The management remains confident of achieving flat revenues for the year. BKT will continue to maintain the percentage of spend in sponsorships and other promoting methods at current levels which is at 2-3% of sales.
  6. Domestic growth was flat in Q1 while exports starting rising from June.
  7. The management does not expect much change in RM prices going forward. It has also mentioned that there will no further pricing action in FY21.
  8. Volumes produced for the quarter was at 41,576 tons.
  9. The management expects the non-Agri segment to pick up as construction and mining activities resume across the world.
  10. Volumes sold in the EU were at 20,000-21,000 tons while India has volumes of 9,400 tons. The USA saw volumes of 3000-4000 tons.
  11. 65% of volumes for Agri tires while 32% were for OTR. The remaining 3% was for smaller sized tires.
  12. OEM was at 27% while the replacement was at 70%.
  13. EU Agri segment market share for BKT is at 12-15%. The same figure in the USA is at 7-10%.
  14. The management is aspiring for BKT to improve in the non-Agri segment like mining, etc to reach its goal of 10% overall industry market share.
  15. The company does not expect any import duty restriction to come into place for imported rubber.
  16. There has been no change in channel inventory in Q1. The current channel inventory in the USA & EU is at 2-3 months.
  17. Around 15% of carbon black output is being sold on the marketplace.
  18. The company’s medium-term target is to increase the proportion of sales from India from the current level of 20-22%.
  19. The industry is widely expected to grow at a CAGR of 4-5%.
  20. The management expects EBITDA margins to remain close to 28-30% in the year ahead.
  21. There are currently no gaps in the distribution for BKT in India and it is able to maintain a Pan India network of SKUs.
  22. The management has stated that it does not take any actions to set realizations and change in realizations is largely dependent on forex changes given no pricing action.
  23. The company is currently facing no issues in the supply chain both for sourcing and dispatching.
  24. The current prices are fully reflecting the softening in commodity prices.
  25. The management has stated that the company has made good inroads in the mining sector in the USA and is getting repeat orders and rising market share in the sector. The current market share in this sector is at 2-3% which BKT hopes to increase to 5-6% in the next 2-3 years.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company has seen a tepid Q1 mainly due to the disruption in sales from COVID-19. It has however been able to increase EBITDA margins YoY. The addition of the carbon black plant is expected to bring about additional margin appreciation for the company bringing the guidance for FY21 at 28-31%. Although the company was hit by supply chain disruptions due to the lockdown it didn’t hamper its sales in the EU & USA since the channel inventory here is at 2-3 months. It remains to be seen whether there are any other economic shocks to come from COVID-19 and whether the company’s projections of rising demand from Agri and non-Agri sectors pans out as expected.  Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a slow global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.

If you’d like to read our detailed analysis on BKT’s moat please click here.


 

 

Q4FY20 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY20 Q4FY19 YoY % Q3FY20 QoQ % FY20 FY19 YoY%
Sales 1424 1391 2.37% 1191 19.56% 5031 5459 -7.84%
PBT 339 276 22.83% 275 23.27% 1123 1183 -5.07%
PAT 257 185 38.92% 221 16.29% 945 782 20.84%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY20 Q4FY19 YoY % Q3FY20 QoQ % FY20 FY19 YoY%
Sales 1438 1397 2.93% 1186 21.25% 5062 5428 -6.74%
PBT 346 278 24.46% 278 24.46% 1140 1177 -3.14%
PAT 265 186 42.47% 224 18.30% 960 774 24.03%

Detailed Results

    1. The revenue growth for the quarter was modest at a 3% rise in consolidated terms.
    2. PBT was up 23% and 24.5% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms in Q4.
    3. PAT rose 39% YoY in the quarter mainly on account of the reduction in the tax rate and improvement in margins.
    4. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 57,966 tons which were up 5% YoY. It was also the highest ever quarterly sales volume sold by the company.
    5. Overall volumes for FY20 fell 4% YoY.
    6. The EBITDA margin improved 450 bps YoY to 29.3% in Q4. In FY20, EBITDA margins improved 140 bps YoY to 28.2%.
    7. Net forex gain for FY20 was at Rs 131 Cr vs Rs 128 Cr a year ago.
    8. The company remains debt-free with current cash holding at Rs 1086 Cr.
    9. The previously guided CapEx programs are on track for the company despite some delay caused by COVID-19 disruption.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  • The Capex spending in FY21 is expected to be around Rs 600 Cr.
  • The revenue distribution for Q4 & FY20 according to geography is as follows:
    1. EU: (Q4 58%) (FY20 51%)
    2. India: (Q4 17%) (FY20 20%)
    3. USA: (Q4 15%) (FY20 17%)
    4. ROW: (Q4 10%) (FY20 12%)
  • The management has stated that demand from retail for the company’s products remains stable especially from the construction industry.
  • The management has stated that out of the total 2 lac tons of carbon black production, the company will be using only 55000-56000 tons and the rest will be sold to outsiders.
  • The company didn’t face any difficulty from the partial shutdowns in the EU mainly as agricultural demand remained stable and distributors generally keep 2-3 months of inventory which was enough to meet the immediate demands.
  • The RM cost for the company has come down 3-4% QoQ.
  • The management remains optimistic about customer demand in FY21 mainly on the back of expectations of good agricultural seasons in the company’s principal markets.
  • In the 2 ongoing projects in Bhuj and Waluj, the company expects to do CAPEX of Rs 500 Cr in FY21 and the timeline for these projects shouldn’t get delayed by more than one quarter off from the regular schedule.
  • The company has a run rate of Rs 150 Cr per year for maintenance CAPEX.
  • Ad expenses are expected to be Rs 75-90 Cr each year on the sports leagues while ocean freight is around 6-7% of exports. The overall promotional spending is expected to stay stable at around Rs 280 Cr each year.
  • The sales volumes breakup according to industry segments is:
    1. Agri: 65%
    2. OTR: 31-32%
    3. Others: 3%+
  • The sales breakup between replacement and OEM is 71% and 25% respectively. The offtake is around 4-5%.
  • The management gross margins to stay stable near 58-60% in the long term.
  • The company sources only 10-12% of raw materials from China.
  • The management does not expect any large volatility in raw material prices going forward.
  • IN raw materials sourced by the company, 35% is natural rubber, 3% is lead wire and the rest 62% is crude derivatives.
  • The incremental margin benefit from carbon black in Fy21 is expected to be around 100-150 bps.
  • The company is seeing good traction in France and has also reported a market share gain of 10-20 bps.
  • The management has stated that any decrease in raw material prices will be passed on directly to the customers.
  • The current capacity utilization level is at 70%.
  • The company did not face any major issues from labour migration at any of its plants.
  • The company has a market share of 5-6% in India today. Most of this is through replacement. The company is working hard to develop the OEM market in India.
  • The industry OEM: replacement mix is 45:55.
  • The management is optimistic of maintaining EBITDA margins near 30% in the coming times.
  • The EBITDA guidance for FY21 is around 28-30%.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. The company has done well to bounce back in Q4 and record its highest ever quarterly sales volumes. It has also brought about margin expansion while doing so. The addition of the carbon black plant is expected to bring about additional margin appreciation for the company. Although the company was hit by supply chain disruptions due to the lockdown it didn’t hamper its sales in the EU. It remains to be seen whether there are any other economic shocks to come from COVID-19 and whether the expectations of normal agricultural seasons in the company’s principal markets pan out in expected manner.  Nonetheless, given the company’s sustained margin performance, its resilient market share in a stagnant global market, and the rapid rise of the company in India, Balkrishna Industries is a good tire stock to watch out for.

If you’d like to read our detailed analysis on BKT’s moat please click here.


 

 

 

Q3FY20 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY20 Q3FY19 YoY % Q2FY20 QoQ % 9MFY20 9MFY19 YoY%
Sales 1190.56 1206.56 -1.33% 1151.93 3.35% 3607.57 4067.52 -11.31%
PBT 274.83 216.5 26.94% 255.69 7.49% 784.07 907.13 -13.57%
PAT 220.68 144.7 52.51% 291 -24.16% 687.68 597.26 15.14%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY20 Q3FY19 YoY % Q2FY20 QoQ % 9MFY20 9MFY19 YoY%
Sales 1186.41 1200.59 -1.18% 1165.02 1.84% 3624.26 4034.39 -10.17%
PBT 278.27 222.43 25.10% 259.79 7.11% 793.21 897.72 -11.64%
PAT 223.8 150.98 48.23% 294.31 -23.96% 694.95 586.41 18.51%

Detailed Results

    1. The revenue for the quarter was flat at a 1.2% decline in consolidated terms.
    2. PBT was up 27% and 25% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms.
    3. PAT rose 48% YoY in the quarter mainly on account of the reduction in the tax rate and improvement in margins.
    4. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 47,321 tons which is up 1% YoY.
    5. The EBITDA margin improved to 31.2% in Q3. The company also announced a dividend of Rs 16 per share.
    6. The markets continue to remain challenging due to environmental conditions in Europe and unfavourable macro-economic situations across the globe. The company expects better growth in FY21 from improving global macroeconomic conditions and the expectation of better weather conditions.
    7. The company has maintained its volume guidance for FY20 to minor decline.
    8. The company is establishing its brand in Canada by becoming the title sponsor of Continental Cup Curling in 2020.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  • The company is expected to be seeing the full benefit of phase 1 of the Carbon Black plant from H2 onwards.
  • The management stated that the demand slowdown has been seen in the OTR segment across all geographies.
  • The CAPEX for the Bhuj plant is expected to be done by the end of FY21.
  • The management reports that they are getting the expected benefits in terms of margins and efficiencies as expected.
  • The raw material prices have declined in the quarter which has helped the margins to improve.
  • The management guides that present levels of gross margins should persist given there is no big surprise in raw material costs.
  • The geographical volume is as follows:
    • EU: 47%
    • USA: 19%
    • India: 20%
    • Rest of World: 13%
  • The management expects the geographical mix to be broadly the same and the contribution of India rising to almost 25%.
  • The company is hedging 70-75% of its revenues at a rate of Rs 79-80 for a Euro.
  • The total CAPEX in FY20 is expected to be around Rs 600 to 700 Cr. The CAPEX leftover for the rest of the year is around Rs 250 to 300 Cr. The CAPEX planned for FY21 is around Rs 600 Cr.
  • The volume breakup is as follows:
    • OTR:                     36% share           Up 10%
    • Agriculture:        60% share           Down <10%
    • ATV & Others:   4% share
  • The replacement market counts for 73% while OEM counts for 25% with off-take accounting for the rest of 2.5-3%.
  • The management has guided that the current run rate of marketing expenses is expected to continue in FY21 as well.
  • The company has maintained its market share in the Agri market of 8% and in OTR of 2%-2.5%.
  • The company has taken a price reduction in line with the reduction in raw material costs which maintains the gap of 10%-15% in prices between it and its peers.
  • The company continues to strengthen its distribution in the USA as its products get higher market adoption in the replacement market.
  • All players in the market are maintaining a cautious stance with good pricing discipline and not pursuing market share by slashing selling prices.
  • The company aspires to reach a market share of 10% in the global market in the next 3 years and the management is doing its best with the brand building to help achieve this figure.
  • The management admits that the overall outlook across all segments and geographies remains challenging and they will probably see some volume decline in the year.
  • The management expects H2 to be flat in terms of volumes and overall volumes of FY20 to decline almost 5% YoY.
  • There has been a serious decline in the Agri tires industry of 20%-25% in the year so far.
  • The management has maintained that they will not engage in price reductions to gain extra market share as reducing the prices unnecessarily will dilute the brand value.
  • Latin America does not feature too high on the company’s priorities at the moment and they will revisit their plans for the region in the future.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. They have indeed suffered from volume contraction of 14% YoY but they remain committed to the CAPEX plans. The company has stayed true to its commitment of increasing brand presence to drive growth in India and abroad, all of which is evident from its various branding initiatives and incremental advertising costs. As mentioned above, the broad industry is in a slowdown and it remains to be seen how long these conditions persist. Nonetheless, BKT remains a good stock to keep an eye on considering their resilient performance and their efforts to keep margins stable and maintain their pricing advantage over their competition in such difficult industry conditions.

If you’d like to read our detailed analysis on BKT’s moat please click here.


 

 

 

Q2 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY20 Q2FY19 YoY % Q1FY20 QoQ % H1FY20 H1FY19 YoY%
Sales 1151.93 1416.34 -18.67% 1265.08 -8.94% 2417 2860.96 -15.52%
PBT 255.69 338.22 -24.40% 253.55 0.84% 509.24 690.63 -26.26%
PAT 291 222.31 30.90% 176 65.34% 467 452.56 3.19%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY20 Q2FY19 YoY % Q1FY20 QoQ % H1FY20 H1FY19 YoY%
Sales 1165 1403.12 -16.97% 1272.83 -8.47% 2437.85 2833.8 -13.97%
PBT 259.79 327.4 -20.65% 255.15 1.82% 514.94 675.28 -23.74%
PAT 294.31 210.3 39.95% 176.84 66.43% 471.15 435.42 8.21%

 

Detailed Results

    1. The revenues for the quarter dipped 19% and 17% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms.
    2. PBT was down 24% and 21% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms.
    3. PAT rose in the quarter mainly on account of the reduction in the tax rate.
    4. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 45,169 tons which is down 14% YoY. H1 sales volumes were down 12% YoY at 96,473 tons.
    5. The markets continue to remain challenging due to environmental conditions in Europe and unfavorable macro-economic situations across the globe.
    6. The Board has declared an interim dividend of Rs 2 in the current quarter.
    7. Q2 EBITDA Margin was 27.9% vs 27.7% last year.
    8. The company cash and cash equivalent position of Rs 1207 Cr with no long term debt in the books.
    9. The company has revised its volume guidance for FY20 to minor decline.
    10. The company has commenced production in phase 1 of their Carbon Black plant. This will add a capacity of 60,000 tons. Phase 2 of capacity of 80,000 tons will be commissioned in FY21.
    11. The company continues to maintain its strong brand presence in international markets. They remain the exclusive tire manufacturer for MONSTER JAM in America.
    12. The company is also the new title sponsor for the Italian Serie B football league and the French League cup competition, enhancing their brand presence in key markets in the EU.
    13. The company has also become a new global partner for Spanish Football League La Liga.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  • The company is expected to be seeing the full benefit of phase 1 of the Carbon Black plant from H2 onwards.
  • The management stated that the demand slowdown has been seen in the OTR segment across all geographies.
  • The CAPEX for the Bhuj plant is expected to be done by the end of FY21.
  • The management reports that they are getting the expected benefits in terms of margins and efficiencies as expected.
  • The raw material prices have declined in the quarter which has helped the margins improve.
  • The management guides that present levels of gross margins should persist given there is no big surprise in raw material costs.
  • The geographical volume is as follows:
    • EU: 47%
    • USA: 19%
    • India: 20%
    • Rest of World: 13%
  • The management expects the geographical mix to be broadly the same as the contribution of India rising to almost 25%.
  • The company is only hedging 70-75% of its revenues at a rate of Rs 79-80 for a Euro.
  • The total CAPEX in FY20 is expected to be around Rs 600 to 700 Cr. The CAPEX leftover for the rest of the year is around Rs 250 to 300 Cr. The CAPEX planned for FY21 is around Rs 600 Cr.
  • The volume breakup is as follows:
    • OTR:                     36% share           Up 10%
    • Agriculture:        60% share           Down <10%
    • ATV & Others:   4% share
  • The replacement market counts for 73% while OEM counts for 25% with off-take accounting for the rest of 2.5-3%.
  • The management has guided that the current run rate of marketing expenses is expected to continue in FY21 as well.
  • The company has maintained its market share in Agri market of 8% and in OTR of 2%-2.5%.
  • The company has taken a price reduction in line with the reduction in raw material costs which maintains the gap of 10%-15% in prices between it and its peers.
  • The company continues to strengthen its distribution in the USA as its products get higher market adoption in the replacement market.
  • All players in the market are maintaining a cautious stance with good pricing discipline and not pursuing market share by slashing selling prices.
  • The company aspires to reach a market share of 10% in the global market in the next 3 years and the management is doing its best with the brand building to help achieve this figure.
  • The management admits that the overall outlook across all segments and geographies remains challenging and they will probably see some volume decline in the year.
  • The management expects H2 to be flat in terms of volumes and overall volumes of FY20 to decline almost 5% YoY.
  • There has been a serious decline in the Agri tires industry of 20%-25% in the year so far.
  • The management has maintained that they will not engage in price reductions to gain extra market share as reducing the prices unnecessarily will dilute the brand value.
  • Latin America does not feature too high on the company’s priorities at the moment and they will revisit their plans for the region in the future.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. They have indeed suffered from volume contraction of 14% YoY but they remain committed to the CAPEX plans. The company has stayed to true to their commitment to increase brand presence to drive growth in India and abroad, all of which is evident from their various branding initiatives and incremental advertising costs. As mentioned above, the broad industry is in a slowdown and it remains to be seen how long these conditions persist. Nonetheless, BKT remains a good stock to keep an eye on considering their resilient performance and their efforts to keep margins stable and maintain their pricing advantage over their competition in such difficult industry conditions.

If you’d like to read our detailed analysis on BKT’s moat please click here.


Q1 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY20 Q1FY19 YoY % Q4FY19 QoQ %
Sales 1265 1444.62 -12.43% 1391.2 -9.07%
PBT 253.55 352.41 -28.05% 275.88 -8.09%
PAT 176 230.25 -23.56% 184.74 -4.73%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY20 Q1FY19 YoY % Q4FY19 QoQ %
Sales 1272.83 1430.68 -11.03% 1396.7 -8.87%
PBT 255.15 347.9 -26.66% 278 -8.22%
PAT 176.84 225.13 -21.45% 185.94 -4.89%

Detailed Results

    1. The revenues for the quarter dipped 12% and 11% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms.
    2. Profits fell further with PAT going down 24% and 22% YoY in standalone and consolidated terms.
    3. Sales volumes for the quarter came in at 51,304 tons which is down 10% YoY.
    4. The Board has declared an interim dividend of Rs 2 in the current quarter.
    5. The EBITDA margin fell to 24.3% from 29.1% last year.
    6. The company cash and cash equivalent position of Rs 1162 Cr with no long term debt in the books.
    7. The company continues to provide guidance of sales volume growth of 3% to 5% in FY20.
    8. The company has commenced trial production in phase 1 of their Carbon Black plant. This will add a capacity of 60,000 tons and commercial production has started from July onwards. Phase 2 of the capacity of 80,000 tons will be commissioned in FY21.
    9. The Waluj plant is set to be replaced with a new fully integrated plant which is expected to cost the company Rs 500 Cr in CAPEX.
    10. The Bhuj plant is to be upscaled to large-sized steel radial OTR tyres with a capacity of 5000 tons. A warehouse (of Rs 50 Cr) and mixing plant (of Rs 100 Cr) is also planned to be built. All of this is expected to cost the company Rs 500 Cr in capex.
    11. The OTR capacity mentioned above is expected to be completed by FY21 and commercial production will start from the following year.
    12. The Board has decided to put their plans for the US plant setup on hold due to difficult macroeconomics and business uncertainties from volatile conditions.
    13. The company continues to maintain their strong brand presence in international markets. They remain the exclusive tyre manufacturer for MONSTER JAM in America.
    14. The company is also the new title sponsor for the Italian Serie B football league and the French League cup competition, enhancing their brand presence in key markets in EU.
    15. The company continues to be the official off road tyre partner for the KFC Big Bash league in Australia.
    16. In India, the company has enhanced their public presence by becoming the official tyre sponsor for 8 marquee teams in Pro Kabaddi League and as the off highway tyre partner in the Tamil Nadu Premier League.
    17. The company retains Bollywood icon Sunny Deol as their brand ambassador, thus enhancing its brand expansion and presence in rural markets in India.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. In branding expenses, the incremental expenses came in at 1% of revenues at Rs 20 Cr in Q1.
  2. In other income, the company gained Rs 72 Cr which includes net gain in forex of Rs 42 Cr and a net gain in investment of Rs 29 Cr. In the forex gain, Rs 28 Cr was realized net gain while the rest is unrealized.
  3. The volume breakup is as follows:
    • OTR:                 36% share            Up 10%
    • Agriculture:     60% share           Down <10%
    • ATV & Others: 4% share
  4. A large contribution of the growth in the OTR segment was from mining tires.
  5. The geographical volumes breakup is as follows:
    • EU: 49%
    • USA: 17%
    • India: 22%
    • Rest of World: 12%
  6. OEM volumes stood at 27% while replacement stood at 71% and others counted for 2% of total volumes.
  7. The total CAPEX in FY20 is expected to be around Rs 600 Cr.
  8. The management does not see the US CAPEX plan to kick-off in the foreseeable future.
  9. The management has highlighted manpower costs (5-6% for BKT vs 27-28% for peers) and selling & warehousing costs (4-5% for BKT vs 15-16% for peers) as the main differentiators for the company in comparison with their international peers. Both of these are unique advantages derived from the company’s operations in India.
  10. The company expects to maintain their guidance of 3-5% volumes growth for FY20 as channel inventory levels have gone down 50% from normal levels and this should spur higher sales volumes in the latter half of FY20.
  11. The realizations have declined due to passing on the reduction in raw material prices to the customer and the unfavorable forex conditions where the company has hedged euros at Rs 81 while the current levels are at Rs 78.
  12. The company expects to maintain all of their other expenses within 4-5% of revenues.
  13. The management expects costs of raw materials to go further down as crude prices are down and natural rubber is also going down this year.
  14. The management have indicated that margins can be expected to rise sequentially due to expected raw material price reductions in the near future.
  15. The company is optimistic that if current conditions and trends in India persist then the company can increase revenue share of India market to 25-26% from current levels in a few years.
  16. The company expects an improvement of only 80 to 100 bps from the carbon black plant.
  17. The company expects to be spending around 1.25% of revenues in incremental branding costs for the next few years.
  18. The company is comfortable despite volume contraction of 10% as the industry has declined much more drastically with a 25-30% contraction in volumes. Thus the company is confident of gaining market share despite fall in sales volumes.
  19. The CAPEX for FY20 is around Rs 600 Cr while FY21 should see CAPEX of around Rs 500-550 Cr including maintenance CAPEX.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off-road tires business for years now. They have indeed suffered from volume contraction of 10% YoY but they remain optimistic of gaining market share as the industry decline has been more severe at more than 25%. The company has stayed true to its commitment to increase brand presence to drive growth in India and abroad, all of which is evident from its various branding initiatives and incremental advertising costs. The company has also shown that they are agile enough to reverse big strategic decisions like moving away from the US expansion in lieu of the current macro environment. As mentioned above, the industry is in a slowdown phase and it remains to be seen how long these conditions persist. Nonetheless, BKT remains a good stock to keep an eye on considering its resilient performance despite the industry slowdown and the commitment to keep raising its market share even in such tough conditions.

If you’d like to read our detailed report on BKT’s moat please click here.


Q4 2019 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

                                                                Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY19 Q4FY18 YoY % Q3FY19 QoQ % FY19 FY18 %  Change
Sales 1391.2 1315.46 5.76% 1206.56 15.30% 5458.7 4800.67 13.71%
PBT 275.88 297.58 -7.29% 216.5 27.43% 1183 1118.5 5.77%
PAT 184.74 193.62 -4.59% 144.7 27.67% 782 739.25 5.78%
                                                                Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
FY19 FY18 %  Change
Sales 5428.16 4800.72 13.07%
PBT 1176.56 1116.04 5.42%
PAT 773.65 735.79 5.15%

 

Detailed Results

    1. Sales volumes grew 3% YoY for Q4 and 6% YoY for FY19.
    2. FY19 Revenues grew 13% YoY and Q4 Revenues grew only 5.76% YoY.
    3. EBITDA margins were at 24.8% and 26.8% for Q4 and FY19 respectively.
    4. Profit margins were at 13.6% and 14.7% for Q4 and FY19 respectively.
    5. There was a slight decline in EBITDA margins which was mainly due to lower forex rates and higher raw material prices. Higher brand and advertising spends also contributed to lower margins for the quarter and FY19.
    6. Gross profit margin declined QoQ mainly due to lower sales realization and high cost of inventory of previous quarter.
    7. The company has guided that sales volumes should rise 3%-5% in FY20.
    8. The company has started manufacturing large size 51-inch diameter tyres at their Bhuj facility.
    9. The company continues to consolidate its strong brand presence by sponsoring various sporting events like football leagues in France and Italy, T20 league in Austrailia and as official and exclusive tyre supplier to Monster Jam (a freestyling and racing competition involving monster trucks) in USA.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The capex for the carbon black plant is expected to be around Rs 425 Cr. The company has entered the final stage of completing the first phase of 60,000-ton capacity. They expect the full benefit of this expansion to start from H2FY20 onwards.
  2. The second phase with a capacity of 80,000 tons is expected to be commissioned by FY21. All other capex projects are expected to stay on schedule.
  3. The company gained around Rs 18 Cr in forex gains in Q4 while the figure for FY19 stood at Rs 118 Cr.
  4. The company has a strong cash position of Rs 1138 Cr and have recommended a final dividend of Rs 2 per share.
  5. The management has said that most of the export challenges for the company originate from the trade wars going on in the world economy right now and it has impacted all product categories for the company.
  6. The management maintains that if raw material costs go down and the pressure on demand continues then they will have to take pricing action. This is the case for all players in this sector.
  7. The management has guided that EBITDA margins are expected to stay in the range of 25%-28% for the coming financial year.
  8. The company is looking to maintain its current level of marketing spending and will not add to it in FY20.
  9. The breakup of sales volumes for FY19 are:
    • Europe: 50%
    • USA: 17%
    • India: 18%
    • Rest of the World:          15%
  10. The breakup according to categories for FY19 are:
    • Agriculture: 61%
    • OTR: 36%
    • ATV: 4%
  11. The capex guidance for FY20 is expected to be around Rs 700 Cr.
  12. The management maintains that they keep a pricing gap of 10%-15% between them and their peers.
  13. The company aims to keep this gap steady and strengthen their brand presence in order to gain market share in the coming years.
  14. Volume growth for India has been good at 18% YoY for FY19.
  15. The management has said that the impact of USA China trade wars has caused negative sentiment to rise in export markets and they expect this to affect demand from their principal export markets of EU.
  16. The management has implied that the market for their products is quite price insensitive but they will be compelled to reduce prices when the competition does the same.
  17. The management insists that if they will borrow any debt to fund capex they will do so in foreign currency only.
  18. The maintenance capex for each year is estimated to be Rs 250 Cr.
  19. The company’s current market share in the Agri-tires and OTR segments is 8% and 2%-2.5% respectively. Combining both it comes out to around 5% of global off-road tires market.
  20. The management has implied that the pressure on the demand guided by the company is expected to be short term in nature.
  21. In the capex project involving the Waluj plant, the company is not adding any new capacity but is shifting the existing plant to a new location.
  22. From the USA plant, the company is expecting annual revenues of around Rs 500-600 Cr once it is fully operational.
  23. The company is also constructing a warehouse in Italy for storing inventory of Rs 35-40 Cr.
  24. The company targets 100 SKUs for addition each year. They have 2700 SKUs currently.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been one of the leading players in the global off-road tire market. The company is now experiencing pressure on demand and high raw material prices as the rest of the industry. Thus the management has guided for a modest volume growth of 3%-5% only for the next financial year. Although this demand pressure is mainly present in export markets, there is significant room for growth in the domestic market where the company entered late. Nonetheless, it remains to be seen how the company navigates the increasingly tough export environment, gain market share and increase its capacity utilization.

 

 


Q3 2019 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Lacs)

Q3FY19

Q3FY18 YoY % Q2FY19 QoQ % 9M FY19 9M FY18

9M% Change

Sales

120656 118405 1.90% 141634 -14.81% 406752 348521

16.71%

PBT

21650 28592 -24.28% 33822 -35.99% 90713 82091

10.50%

PAT

14470

18950 -23.64% 22231 -34.91% 59726 54563

9.46%

Detailed Results

    1. This quarter has been soft for BKT with just 2% growth in sales while profits have fallen around 24% on a YoY basis.
    2. The 9M number paint a better picture with 16% growth in revenues and 11% and 9% growth in PBT and PAT respectively.
    3. Sales volume for 9M19 were also up 7% YoY.
    4. EBITDA margin for the 9M period remained at 27.5%.
    5. EBITDA margin for Q3 was down 5% YoY to 25.3%.
    6. The main reasons cited for this are:
      • Rising material costs: Up 10%
      • Rising employee expenses: Up 11%
      • Rising other expenses like Freight and branding: Up 12%
    7. The PAT for the quarter was also impacted by a mark to market loss of Rs 34 Cr compared to a gain of Rs. 11 Cr last year.
    8. BKT is on track regarding their capex schedule.
    9. They plan to setup a plant in USA with capacity of 20,000 MT p.a. with a capex of $ 100 million.
    10. They are on schedule with the capex for the Carbon Black plant whose capital outlay is estimated to be around Rs 425 Cr for a capacity of 140,000 MT p.a.
    11. BKT is also upscaling to all steel radial tyres by investing in new capacity 5000 MT p.a. along with a new warehouse and a mixing plant at their Bhuj location. The total capex for this estimated to be around Rs 500 Cr.
    12. BKT is also replacing their old plant in Waluj with a new fully integrated facility which should cost around Rs 500 Cr.
    13. BKT is financing these additions using internal accruals and debt.
    14. BKT is looking to expand market reach in the Americas and expand product portfolio in the near future. They are also improving brand visibility and recognition by sponsoring various sports franchises and tournaments in football in the EU, kabaddi in India and monster trucks in USA.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The volumes for the quarter were down 6% on YoY basis which resulted in higher sales realization of about 9% when taking into account the corresponding growth in sales of 2% in the same period.
  2. The company is free from long term debt and maintains a healthy cash profile of around Rs 1087 Cr.
  3. Sales volume in India have gone up.
  4. Raw material costs have shot up more than 18%.
  5. The company sees raw material costs to reduce in the coming quarters.
  6. EU counts for around 47% in sales, USA counts for 18%, India counts for 21% and the rest of the world counts for 14% of sales.
  7. The inventory levels for EU and US dealers have gone down.
  8. The management expects the margins to stay between 20%-30% in the future.
  9. The overall industry is growing at 5%-6% while BKT has grown 8%-10%. This shows that the company has definitely increased its market share.
  10. The company expects farm incomes in the coming year to be better than the current year for EU and USA which may lead to increased demand for its products along qith increased demand for farm equipment.
  11. The company is in line to move ahead with the scheduled capex mentioned above.
  12. The company is expecting the Carbon Black segment to add 100 to 125 basis points to their overall tires business margins once it becomes fully operational.
  13. The company also expects that they may have some excess capacity after the new capex schedule which can take some time for utilization levels to reach peak levels.
  14. Volume growth in the US market has been 20% YoY for 9MFY19.
  15. The company is also focusing on entry and expansion into major mining countries like Australia and Brazil.
  16. The planned expansions are expected to be operational by FY ’21.

Analyst’s View

BKT has been a rising player in the off road tyres business for years now. They have indeed suffered from volume contraction and rising material costs but have been able to maintain a healthy EBITDA margin of more than 25%. The company is bullish on its future despite these recent muted numbers. This is evident considering their huge capex schedule which shows them aggressively expand their existing capacity and product portfolio. They are also slowly increasing their market shares by maintaining a growth rate that is higher than the industry growth rate. It is critical for the company to continue growing their volumes as the huge investment in capex would put pressure on earnings in the next couple of years.

If you’d like to read our detailed report on BKT’s moat please click here.

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