About the Company

CCL Products is the largest instant coffee maker and exporter in India. The company was formed set up in 1994 and commenced commercial operations in 1995. It is a profit-making, export-oriented unit (EoU) with the ability to import green coffee into India from any part of the world and export the same to any part of the world, free of all duties. The company has two international subsidiaries in Switzerland and Vietnam. The company has recently ventured into the branded coffee segment through its in-house brand “Continental Coffee”.

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Q1 FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
  Q1FY22 Q1FY21 YoY % Q4FY21 QoQ %
Sales 222 176 26.14% 291 -23.71%
PBT 35 24 45.83% 122 -71.31%
PAT 24 17 41.18% 100 -76.00%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
  Q1FY22 Q1FY21 YoY % Q4FY21 QoQ %
Sales 326 289 12.80% 335 -2.69%
PBT 54 46 17% 72 -25.00%
PAT 44 38 16% 49 -10.20%

Detailed Results:

  1. The company had an encouraging quarter with consolidated sales up 13% YoY and PAT up 16% YoY.
  2. The major difference in standalone sales and profits QoQ is due to the high other income of Rs 65 Cr in Q4FY21 which includes dividend from the Vietnam subsidiary Ngon.

Investor Conference Call Highlights:

  1. The freeze-dried capacity utilization in India was at 70% in Q1 and the total Vietnam utilization was at 80% in the quarter. The utilization of spray-dried in India was 65-70% in Q1.
  2. The new small-pack capacity will come online in Q2. The capacity expansion in Vietnam is underway with machine purchases and implementation to start by next month.
  3. The main areas plagued by frost in Brazil are growing Arabica and thus the prices of Arabica have risen much higher as compared to the price rise in Robusta.
  4. The company is not much concerned with it since 90% of its consumption is from Robusta.
  5. Freight rates continue to remain high as the global container shortage issue has not been fully resolved.
  6. RoE was at 15.12% as of the end of June 2021 and it is expected to improve slightly for the rest of FY22 according to the management.
  7. Despite the rise in spot coffee prices, the company will be executing its contracts at the agreed prices only.
  8. The management expects the inflationary trend to continue in FY22 and it may put pressure on orders or volumes sought by customers.
  9. The management reassures that the rise in industry prices shouldn’t have any major impact on its profitability and margins.
  10. The gross margin shift QoQ is mainly due to the changes in the product mix.
  11. The major change from Q4 in Q1 was the reduction in sales of small packs which resulted in the top line coming lower proportionally but gross earnings remaining high.
  12. The India branded segment continued its good momentum and has shown almost 48-50% YoY growth.
  13. On the MEIS issue, CCL received around Rs 6 Cr in Q1 from its accumulated figure of Rs 28 Cr.
  14. The new product introductions in the USA are doing well and are providing the company with opportunities to do the same in other countries once the new product sees a good response in the USA.
  15. The management has stated that 80-85% utilization is the ideal range for the Vietnam plant. IN India operations, the overall utilization depends on the product mix as there are some products which are low volume and high margin and vice versa and thus reductions in utilization may not always be bad.
  16. Because of the widening gap in Arabica and Robusta prices, the company can expect to see a 20-25% increase in volumes sold in the USA in FY22 according to the management.
  17. 95% of sales in the USA are in bulk while 5% are in small packs.
  18. The capacity expansion in Vietnam is expected to start in Sept or Oct this year and it will take at least 1 year to complete.
  19. Although Vietnam is facing a major impact from COVID-19 spread currently, CCL is operating its plant with special permissions and by following the govt guidelines.
  20. The govt in Vietnam is keen to keep the factories in the country running and thus the company has not faced any issues with factories running there.
  21. There hasn’t been any major rise in realization in Q1 vs Q4FY21.
  22. Advanced orders make up 65% of the business mix while 35% are from spot orders. Most of these advanced orders are confirmed at the end of each financial year.
  23. The company is targeting to reach a margin of Rs 130-135 per kg in the next 3-3.5 years. It earned around Rs 112 per kg in FY21.
  24. Coffee process and industry has been deemed as essential in most countries and thus the impact of lockdown disruptions is less severe for the industry.
  25. The company is looking to keep the pace for the distribution expansion for the branded business. The company is not expecting any significant profit from this business as it is concentrating on expanding this business using the profits earned.
  26. The capex for FY22 is expected to be around Rs 15-20 Cr and there are no new projects planned other than the small-pack and Vietnam expansions.
  27. Consolidated net debt for CCL is at Rs 250 Cr with long-term debt at Rs 178 Cr.
  28. Effective tax rate is expected to come down to 15% as Vietnam operations are tax-free.
  29. The USA instant coffee market is expected to be at 80,000 tons per year with India expected to account for 10% of this number. CCL is targeting to supply 5,000-6,000 tons per year in the USA.

Analyst’s View:

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through the Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a decent quarter with 13% YoY growth in Sales & 16% growth in profit despite the rise in coffee beans. It also saw good utilization of 80% at the Vietnam facility despite the severe impact from COVID-19. The company’s branded business is growing well, and the company is looking to consolidate its expansion in the West and Northeast zones. The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and push for new product introduction in the USA market which can be later supplied to other countries when it gets good approval in USA. It remains to be seen whether the rising green coffee prices will result in any drop in order placement for CCL and whether the branded business will be able to maintain its growth momentum. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market, CCL products may turn out to be a dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.

 


 

Q4 FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY21 Q4FY20 YoY % Q3FY21 QoQ % FY21 FY20 YoY%
Sales 291 245 18.78% 189 53.97% 862 957 -9.93%
PBT 122 111 9.91% 31 293.55% 210 298 -29.5%
PAT 100 96 4.17% 22 354.55% 159 239 -33.47%

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY21 Q4FY20 YoY % Q3FY21 QoQ % FY21 FY20 YoY%
Sales 335 267 25.47% 300 11.67% 1246 1144 8.92%
PBT 72 58 24% 56 28.57% 235 225 4%
PAT 49 42 17% 47 4.26% 182 166 9.64%

Detailed Results

  1. The company had an encouraging quarter with consolidated sales up 25% YoY and PAT up 17% YoY.
  2. FY21 figures were good with consolidated revenues rising 9% YoY and PAT rising 10% YoY due to steady operations throughout the year from Vietnam facility.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The EBITDA for FY21 was at Rs 310 Cr vs Rs 290 Cr last year.
  2. The management maintains volume growth guidance of 10-15% in FY22.
  3. The company has not faced any inventory accumulation in Q4 due to delays in shipments from the container shortage that it faced in Q3.
  4. The management states that there is scope for margin expansion in the Vietnam plant due to lower depreciation schedule for the old plant, expansion of capacity, and better working capital management.
  5. Although freeze-dried proportion has risen in Q4, the main reason for gross margins rising is the heightened demand for small packs before the summer.
  6. Freeze-dried capacity was working at 62% utilization in FY21.
  7. The management has clarified that the volume growth guidance is not including the normalization of freight prices and if this happens, the guidance can be expanded further.
  8. The company has not seen any drop or degradation in customer relationships due to the delays in shipping as the immediate requirements of customers were met from the warehouses in USA and Switzerland that the company owns.
  9. The expanded capacity in the Vietnam plant should be operational from the 1st of July.
  10. Vietnam capacity utilization was close to 95% in FY21. The Duggirala plant saw utilization at 65-70% in FY21.
  11. There was indeed some margin loss in India operations in Q4 due to higher input costs.
  12. The company was anticipating 30-40% growth in the India business, but it has revised its expectations down to 25-30% in FY21 due to the 2nd wave of COVID-19 if things normalize from July onwards.
  13. The higher input costs are due to drought conditions in Brazil which led to a rise in arabica prices. Thus correspondingly, robusta prices also went up somewhat to match it.
  14. But the management assures that this input price volatility will have minimal effects as most of the contracted sales of the company are on a cost-plus basis.
  15. The expansion in the Vietnam plant is 3500 MTPA.
  16. The India business sales were at Rs 150 Cr (vs Rs 95 Cr last year) of which branded sales were Rs 100 Cr while the rest was for institutions and private labels.
  17. The management indeed has plans to double capacity in Vietnam and will look into it in 6-9 months after the current expansion is complete.
  18. The management expects the company to hit peak utilization in small packs by October this year.
  19. Vietnam sales for FY21 were Rs 375 Cr and profits were at Rs 85 Cr.
  20. Switzerland sales were at Rs 180 Cr (net consolidated value addition of Rs 25 Cr) for FY21 and Profits were at Rs 6-7 Cr.
  21. Short-term debt has risen for CCL as these funds were raised to buy inventory of green coffee when its prices rose.
  22. The management has plans to reduce net debt by Rs 84 Lacs in FY22.
  23. The company is also installing pending small pack capacity to 12000 MT which should be available for full-scale production by Q3FY22.
  24. USA now accounts for 15% of sales. The management has stated that it expects better realizations going forward due to the rise in small pack sales.
  25. The entire small pack capacity is in India currently. The management is thinking of establishing another such facility in Vietnam in the future.
  26. There isn’t much clarity on the replacement of the MEIS for CCL but the management expects the pending dues of Rs 27-28 Cr to be realized in FY22.
  27. EU accounts for 22-25% of exports.
  28. The total instant coffee market in India is around Rs 2000 Cr. Going by this, the company has a market share of close to 5%.
  29. The company has a total reach of 95,000 outlets. It expects to reach 1.5 Lac outlets by the end of FY22. The 2 main rivals in India, Nescafe, and Bru both have total reach of 10 Lac+.
  30. The expected capex in FY22 is around Rs 50-60 Cr. The CWIP currently is at Rs 148 Cr.
  31. Volume growth in FY21 was at 10% YoY.
  32. The company is looking to hit sales of 50,000 MT by 2024. To do this it is looking to increase capacity to 55,000-65,000 in the same period.
  33. It is also targeting sales of Rs 250 Cr for the India business in the next 2 years. As branded sales rises, margins are also expected to rise to 25-30% for CCL.
  34. The company is already getting inquiries for 1000 MT of cold brew mix and it is very optimistic about the prospects for this product.
  35. Around 8-10% of retail sales are coming from e-commerce.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through the Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a good quarter with 25% YoY growth in Sales despite the rise in coffee beans. It also saw continued high utilization at the Vietnam facility. The company’s branded business is growing well and has already reached Rs 100 Cr in sales in FY21. The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and is working hard on expanding its influence. This is evident from the response seen from customers for its new cold brew product and the inquiries it is getting from export destinations. It remains to be seen how fast the capacity expansion will be done for CCL and whether the branded business will be able to maintain its growth momentum. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market, CCL products may turn out to be a dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.

 


 

Q3 FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY21 Q3FY20 YoY % Q2FY21 QoQ % 9MFY21 9MFY20 YoY%
Sales 189 224 -15.63% 205 -7.80% 571 711 -19.69%
PBT 31 58 -46.55% 33 -6.06% 88 187 -52.94%
PAT 22 36 -38.89% 20 10.00% 58 142 -59.15%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY21 Q3FY20 YoY % Q2FY21 QoQ % 9MFY21 9MFY20 YoY%
Sales 300 303 -0.99% 322 -6.83% 911 876 4.00%
PBT 56 69 -19% 61 -8.20% 163 168 -2.98%
PAT 47 47 0% 47 0.00% 133 124 7.26%

Detailed Results

  1. The company had an encouraging quarter with consolidated sales flat YoY and PAT flat YoY.
  2. Consolidated figures were boosted due to the low impact of COVID-19 on Vietnam operations as compared to its impact on Indian operations.
  3. 9M figures were good with consolidated revenues rising 4% YoY and PAT rising 7% YoY.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company saw substantial stock build-up due to logistics issues and the inability to get dispatches on time.
  2. This problem was not unique to the company and was present for all major exporters and shippers in India like Bajaj Auto.
  3. Another big omission this year was the absence of MEIS which was Rs 11 Cr last year in Q3.
  4. During the quarter, the company suffered from a scarcity of food-grade containers and suffered a delay of 15-20 days on average.
  5. According to management around Rs 50-60 Cr of sales couldn’t be recognized in time in Q3 due to these delays. The majority of this was in freeze dried product.
  6. The company has not seen any loss in orders due to this delay because coffee has a shelf life of 2 years or more & the onus is on the customer to arrange for containers and lift them. The company also saw in many cases that customers were paying extra to procure containers and get shipments in time.
  7. Also there isn’t any chance of replacing any order from another vendor as any customer will need a minimum of 3 months lead time for them to procure from anybody else, according to the management.
  8. The company had increased manufacturing of small packs as freeze dried product was not being shipped and thus other expenses climbed up due to packing material costs going up.
  9. The Russia business order has been pushed to Q4 due to the shipping delay and similarly, other postponed orders have also spilled over to Q4 and Q1FY22.
  10. The management is unclear on what is going to happen on the MEIS replacement incentive scheme.
  11. Pricing is not affected by the MEIS situation and it will be affected only by the supply and demand situation in the market at the time of the order.
  12. For both the new installations in India and Vietnam, they are expected to be completed in Q4 and commissioned in Q1.
  13. The container scarcity is expected to continue for the next 1-1.5 months.
  14. The company is also looking to time its exports more precisely and to use its import containers for export to partially mitigate the container shortage.
  15. Volumes sold in 9MFY21 were similar to those in 9MFY20.
  16. Small packs now account for 15-20% of sales and the company has also increased small packs capacity by 40% QoQ.
  17. The total incentives from MEIS was Rs 33 Cr for FY20.
  18. Once the container issue is resolved, the management is confident of adding Rs 50 Cr to the top line from current sales figures for India operations.
  19. Given the dispatches go in a timely manner, the management is confident of hitting 10% volumes growth for FY21.
  20. The management is estimating MEIS backlog to be at Rs 28 Cr currently.
  21. Capacity utilization in Vietnam was at 90% while in India, FDC plant was at 80-85% and Duggirala plant was at 60-65%.
  22. EBITDA margins are expected to rise back to 25% from current level of 21% once the FDC dispatches are completed in time.
  23. The management is aiming for 80-85% capacity utilization in FY22 which brings the volumes guidance to around 33,000 tons. The volume growth is expected to be driven primarily by the increase in capacity in Vietnam which has been running at 90%+ utilization levels throughout FY21 so far.
  24. The volumes spill over into Q4 should yield higher margins and PBT as the expenses have already been recognized in Q3.
  25. The India sales for 9M were at Rs 105 Cr where Rs 70 Cr was in branded sales.
  26. The Swiss office should be able to add supermarket chains from FY22 onwards as the minimum of 2 years supply experience will be covered by the end of FY21.
  27. The management is confident of maintaining margins of 25% even without MEIS.
  28. The company has seen good response on the cold brew product from USA and has started getting inquiries for it from EU, Russia and others.
  29. Volume growth from USA has doubled YoY.
  30. The management has stated that it doesn’t expect any import restrictions on coffee in USA as all coffee consumed there is imported.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through the Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a modest quarter due to the container shortage which has forced many orders to be postponed to Q4. It also saw continued high utilization at the Vietnam facility. The company’s branded business is growing well and has already reached Rs 70 Cr in sales in 9MFY21. The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and is working hard on expanding its influence. This is evident from the response seen from customers for its new cold brew product and the inquiries it is getting from export destinations. It remains to be seen how long the container shortage will last and whether the branded business will be able to maintain its growth momentum. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market, CCL products may turn out to be a dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.


Q2 FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY21 Q2FY20 YoY % Q1FY21 QoQ % H1FY21 H1FY20 YoY
Sales 205 222 -7.66% 176 16.48% 382 487 -21.56%
PBT 33 27 22.22% 24 37.50% 57 129 -55.81%
PAT 20 24 -16.67% 17 17.65% 36 106 -66.04%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY21 Q2FY20 YoY % Q1FY21 QoQ % H1FY21 H1FY20 YoY
Sales 322 299 7.69% 289 11.42% 611 573 6.63%
PBT 61 44 38.64% 46 32.61% 107 99 8.08%
PAT 47 42 11.90% 38 23.68% 86 77 11.69%

 

Detailed Results

    1. The company had an encouraging quarter with consolidated sales growth of 8% YoY and PAT growth of 12% YoY.
    2. Consolidated figures were boosted due to the low impact of COVID-19 on Vietnam operations as compared to its impact in Indian operations.
    3. The company has announced an interim dividend of Rs 2 per share.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. Capacity utilization in the Vietnam unit was near 100% in the quarter.
  2. The margin profile has improved for the company due to the company selling more freeze-dried products from the SEZ plant which yields gross margins of around 48%.
  3. The management expects the Vietnam plant to be running at nearly full capacity for the rest of the year due to the good order backlog (the large order from the USA) and expects sales volumes of at least 9000 tons from this plant in FY21. At the same time, they will also be working on increasing the capacity at this unit to 13,500 tons.
  4. The management guides that optimum utilization for the new FDC unit is at 80-85%. There will be a reduction in the utilization at the old facility on yearly basis due to loss of operations for 2.5 months plus the 1 month of lockdown.
  5. The management has assured that postponed orders from Russian customers from Q1 will be completed with the rest of FY21.
  6. The domestic business revenues in H1 were at Rs 60 Cr which is a growth of almost 70% YoY. This includes branded and institutional business.
  7. The company has already spent around Rs 5 Cr in A&P spend on branding in H1 so far.
  8. The company has started supplying its first private-label small pack business to the U.S. to a large retailer.
  9. The company has also renewed its existing supermarket business in the EU for the next year.
  10. The growth in the branded business in H1 was almost 100% YoY.
  11. The company is looking to supply several high-end products like flavoured coffees, micro-zone coffees, cold brews, and instant cold brews to its customers. The management feels there is good potential from these products due to the changing consumption pattern on the introduction of these products.
  12. The management is citing an example of how the company’s R&D has helped bring down the cost of cold brew products from $150/kg to $30/kg which the company sells on to a customer for $50/kg which is very attractive to the customer.
  13. The management expects the value proposition of these new products to sustain for at least a couple of years due to the company’s first-mover advantage.
  14. The new labeling and packaging plant for small packs has gotten delayed due to COVID and is expected to be fully operational by Q1FY22.
  15. The company is operating at peak capacity for small packs and is even exploring third-party packing for some products as demand is outstripping capacity for them.
  16. Value-added products account for less than 5% of total sales for the company.
  17. The management has stated that the scope for the single-serve pods is limited in India as there is very little usage here and it is very easy to make for every small roaster so it does not have any sustainable export advantage. The company can get into this market for India sales whenever it wants to as the market is very small.
  18. The management is expecting capacity utilization of 70% or more in Freeze-dried coffee in the SEZ plant.
  19. The Continental brand business accounts for almost 70% of domestic business. Institutional businesses have been slow in FY21 so far due to COVID but this segment is expected to improve going forward.
  20. The volume growth for the company has been 7% YoY.
  21. Spillover sales from Q1 into Q2 are expected to be around Rs 15-16 Cr.
  22. The management expects to maintain flat volume growth for freeze-dried coffee in FY21 and any growth in overall volumes will be driven by growth in spray-dried coffee.
  23. The management has maintained that Brazilian coffee exporters are not in competition with the company as 90% of their coffee is from Arabica while 95% of the company’s coffee is from Robusta.
  24. The company is targeting 10% volume growth in H2.
  25. The company’s distribution reach stands at 75,000 units currently and it is expected to reach 1,00,000 units by end of the year. The company wants to reach all of the 10 Lakh plus population towns and cities in India by the end of the year.
  26. The management has stated that there are clear signs of in-home consumption going up for coffee in H1 so far. It remains to be seen whether this trend is temporary or permanent.
  27. The company is hoping to achieve around 4-5% on average of coffee sales from all of its distribution outlets.
  28. The management has stated that a large part of branded sales growth has come from existing outlets as the number of news outlets to be added has been lower than before due to COVID.
  29. The management has maintained that demand for coffee remains resilient throughout the world and there has been no real reduction in consumption of coffee due to COVID.
  30. The export incentive for H1 was at Rs 18 Cr vs Rs 15 Cr last year.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through the Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a good quarter on the back of almost 100% utilization at the Vietnam facility. The company’s branded business is growing well and the management has reassured that growing the top line is the primary concern for this division.  The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and is working hard on expanding its influence. This is evident from the response seen from customers for its new cold brew product and its other niche products. It remains to be seen how the coffee industry will come out from COVID-19 and whether the branded business will be able to maintain its growth momentum. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market, CCL products may turn out to be a dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.


 

Q1 FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY21 Q1FY20 YoY % Q4FY20 QoQ %
Sales 176 265* -33.58% 245 -28.16%
PBT 24 102 -76.47% 111 -78.38%
PAT 17 82 -79.27% 96 -82.29%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY21 Q1FY20 YoY % Q4FY20 QoQ %
Sales 289 274 5.47% 267 8.24%
PBT 46 54 -14.81% 58 -20.69%
PAT 38 35 8.57% 42 -9.52%

Detailed Results

    1. The company had a modest quarter with sales growth of 5.5% YoY and PAT growth of 8.6% YoY.
    2. Consolidated figures were boosted due to the low impact of COVID-19 on Vietnam operations as compared to its impact in Indian operations.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The standalone EBITDA margins declined drastically mainly due to loss of operations from lockdown in Q1. The freeze-dried portion also declined almost 50% which led to further margin decline.
  2. In major markets like Russia, the majority of shipments have been postponed and thus the company was mainly planning for maintenance in Q1 and to gear up continuous production for the rest of the year.
  3. The SEZ plant is up and running and the EOU plant will start running after maintenance is completed in a few days.
  4. There has been a slight decline in roasted ground coffee consumption because of the coffee shops being shut across the world during the lockdown period.
  5. On the other hand, the in-home segment of instant coffee seems to be increasing across the world.
  6. 90% of the consumption of instant coffee is in the in-home segment.
  7. The company has only 10-15% of its total capacity in small packs. There is a value addition of $2 per small pack and there is also 15-20% incremental EBITDA.
  8. The company did have many postponements but it didn’t lose any orders or customers.
  9. The company’s sales of single-serve packs have increased a lot. It is also looking to get into the single-serve capsule or pod business whose global patent has run out.
  10. The company has added 1 new USA customer for its Vietnam facility in Q1.
  11. The company will be doing its best to reach 75% utilization in Freeze-Dried in FY21.
  12. The company is also seeing an increase in spray-dried demand as it is a value segment for most customers.
  13. Capacity utilization in India is expected to be between 65-75% in Fy21. The Vietnam utilization rate in Q1 was almost 100% on current capacity. The proposed capacity expansion here is expected to be done by Q3.
  14. Around Rs 30 Cr of inventory had to be postponed and will be dispatched in August or September.
  15. The management has clarified that there is no demand destruction in freeze-dried and there have only been postponements going on here.
  16. Continental brand has grown 40% YoY in Q1 with sales of Rs 22 Cr.
  17. Capex for FY21 is going to be Rs 120 Cr for the packing and agglomeration facility and $8 million in Vietnam for capacity expansion of 3500 tons.
  18. Green coffee prices have risen 10-15% but this rise is not sustainable according to the management as overall demand for coffee has gone down due to closure of coffee shops.
  19. The management has stated that none of the company’s large customers has gotten into any problems due to a drop in demand. Instead, these customers have seen good demand from panic buying.
  20. The revenues from Vietnam in Q1 were at Rs 107 Cr and EBITDA was at Rs 30 Cr.
  21. The management has stated that the primary objective of the branded business is to drive revenues so it is not guaranteed that it may turn PAT positive in FY21.
  22. The current sales levels in Switzerland subsidiary is expected to continue as the company has renewed contracts with customers of this subsidiary already.
  23. The management has stated that it doesn’t find the roasting and grinding segment as attractive as the instant coffee segment because the barriers to entry here are very low and the competition is very high. There are also other issues here including shelf-life.
  24. The management has stated that wherever it has built plants it has done so with the option of doubling capacity. Thus it can easily add 15000 tons to Vietnam and 5000 tons to freeze-dried plant in India any time its wants with just the installation of required machinery.
  25. The management has reaffirmed that the company will be both value and volume-driven. It shall be value-driven in its branded segments and volumes driven in its large supply areas.
  26. Q1 volumes were a little higher as compared to last year despite the lockdown.
  27. Revenue contribution geographically was at USA:20%, EU:20%, Russia & CIS: 25%, ROW: 35%.
  28. Once the planned packing facility comes online, the company can increase small packs by up to 60% in the first year of operations.
  29. The market size for the single-use capsule is at$ 35 billion today and it is expected to grow to $ 51 billion by 2027.
  30. The export incentive book in Q1 was around Rs 7 Cr.
  31. The company is seeing a huge demand for cold brew in the USA. It has already developed spray-dried and freeze-dried versions for it. The company has already received orders for it from some customers and in small packs. The management estimate that the company can sustain its first-mover advantage in this space for 2-3 years.
  32. The company is looking to do 100 tons of sales for cold brew in the first year before rising to 500-600 tons in the next year. A major customer of the company has estimated that if it uses the company’s product to sell in its 3000 stores, it will save 60% in product costs. Thus the company is also looking to target coffee chains with this product.
  33. The capacity enhancement in the freeze-dried line will require a plant shutdown of 2 months next year. It was to be done this year but the engineers required couldn’t come due to COVID-19.
  34. The company has had no impact from the depreciation of Russian ruble as all export transactions take place in dollars

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a modest quarter on the back of almost 100% utilization at the Vietnam facility. The company’s branded business is growing well and the management has reassured that growing the top line is the primary concern for this division.  The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and is working hard on expanding its influence. This is evident from the response seen from customers for its new cold brew product. The company also has a good opportunity in the coffee capsule business whose patent has expired recently. It remains to be seen how the coffee industry will come out from COVID-19 and whether the branded business will be able to maintain its growth momentum. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market, CCL products may turn out to be a dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.


 

 

Q4 FY20 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY20 Q4FY19 YoY % Q3FY20 QoQ % FY20 FY19 YoY%
Sales 245 225 8.89% 224 9.38% 957 839 14.06%
PBT 111 61 81.97% 58 91.38% 298 179 66.48%
PAT 96 49 95.92% 36 166.67% 239 125 91.20%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY20 Q4FY19 YoY % Q3FY20 QoQ % FY20 FY19 YoY%
Sales 267 263 1.52% 303 -11.88% 1144 1085 5.44%
PBT 58 47 23.40% 69 -15.94% 225 209 7.66%
PAT 42 35 20.00% 47 -10.64% 166 155 7.10%

Detailed Results

    1. The company had a modest quarter with sales growth of 1.5% YoY and PAT growth of 20% YoY.
    2. The FY20 figures show modest growth for the company so far this year with only 5.4% YoY revenue growth and 7.1% YoY profit growth.
    3. The standalone performance was phenomenal with PAT growth in excess of 90% in both Q4 and FY20 despite only having 9% and 14% YoY revenue growth in Q4 & FY20 respectively.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The capacity utilization at Chitoor plant has been 50-53% of which major portion came in Q3 & Q4.
  2. Management has stated that there wasn’t any significant revenue loss due to the lockdown in March since most of the required volumes had already been made and were just stuck due to a lack of shipping. These orders were shipped later.
  3. The management has stated that the main reason for the rise in margins is the improvement in product mix.
  4. The company did have production outage in April but it should be able to make up for it. But the management has refrained from providing any specific guidance for demand in FY21.
  5. The India business did around Rs 90 Cr of sales and a loss of Rs 3 Cr in FY21.
  6. The branded sales of the company did suffer from lockdown.
  7. The management has stated that the manufacturing has resumed at normal levels and the company has had zero material impact from COVID in Vietnam. Indian operations did suffer initially but it has since normalized.
  8. The management has observed that indeed retail demand for instant coffee has gone up while wholesale demand for coffee which is mainly in offices has gone down due to COVID. But irrespective of COVID, the overall demand for instant coffee is widely expected to go up this year.
  9. The company has not had any order cancellations due to COVID yet but it has indeed received some requests for postponement of shipments due to disruptions in certain markets.
  10. In India, the company has a combined capacity of 25,000 tons while in Vietnam, it has a capacity of 10,000 tons. The company is adding an additional capacity of 3,500 tons to the Vietnam plant. This addition was to commence from Q1 but has since been delayed to Q3 due to COVID.
  11. The company is not expanding its manufacturing capacity in India. It is only increasing agglomeration and packing capacity.
  12. The management is confident of margin expansion as the company has delivered its highest ever margins despite seeing only 50% utilization in the year.
  13. The branded business in India has grown 40% YoY. The company is focussing on sales and distribution in the South currently due to higher demand there. Once it establishes itself there it will expand to the rest of the country.
  14. According to Nielsen, the company has a market share of 2%. The management feels that according to internal sales, their market share should be around 4-5%.
  15. The management is confident of maintaining this growth rate for branded products as the company is seeing a good conversion from its wet sampling exercises where they do 1 lac free samples each month. Another source of confidence for the company is the fact that the company is operating in the different segments using different blends, unlike existing players who have few blends which are mostly segmented by price and overall quality.
  16. Currently, branded margins are depressed mainly due to incremental expenses for gaining market share and promotion. The management expects these margins to rise above bulk business margins in the long run.
  17. The plants were running at 33% capacity in May. This is mainly due to the presence of carryover stocks from March due to delay in shipments and orders.
  18. Cash conversion has been generally better in FY20 as compared to FY19 according to the management.
  19. The Capex planned for FY21 is Rs 120 Cr in India and Rs 80 Cr in Vietnam.
  20. The management expects the current product mix to continue and the margins to sustain at current levels in FY21.
  21. The capacity utilization for the Vietnam plant has been 65-70% in FY21 so far.
  22. The management expects to be spending around Rs 11-12 Cr on retail coffee business in FY21 which was the same as in FY20.
  23. Switzerland’s unit revenue was Rs 135 Cr and PAT was at Rs 3.73 Cr for the year.
  24. Vietnam unit revenue was at Rs 268 Cr and PAT was at Rs 56 Cr for the year
  25. Around 50% of the sales volumes are going to branded players where the company supplies them coffee in bulk.
  26. The aforementioned Capex of Rs 120 Cr in India was mainly towards a new packing facility for making small packs for the company.
  27. The opportunity size of branded coffee in India was Rs 2000 Cr in FY20. Around 60% of the instant coffee market is in South India.
  28. The management has stated that none of its international customers want to launch in India since the market size is still too small for them as compared to other geographies and the fact that India is predominantly a tea-drinking nation.
  29. The management guides for improvement of 10-15% in EBITDA in FY21 despite 1-1.5 months of the plant shutdown.
  30. The company did have a negative impact of Rs 3-4 Cr in Q4 due to a reduction in the export incentive from 7% to 5%. The incentive booked in Q4 was Rs 7 Cr.
  31. The in-house branded sales were around Rs 55 Cr in FY21.
  32. Currently, only 6-7% of sales are from online channels. The company is offering discounts to expand this channel and will scale back on discounting as this channel expands.
  33. Pre-COVID, the no of direct distribution outlets for the company were around 55,000-60,000. The company is aiming to expand this to 75,000-80,000 outlets by the end of FY21.
  34. The total number of distribution outlets is around 6 lakh for the major rival brands. Similarly, the total number of potential outlets in South India is around 8-9 Lakh.
  35. The market share for Nestle & HUL in coffee is almost 50-50.
  36. The stock buildup right now is Rs 33 Cr and the EBITDA margin at cost price is 25%.
  37. The management does not expect any significant change in raw material prices in FY21.
  38. The company expects orders in the USA to almost double to 4,500 to 5,000 tons in FY21 from 2,000 tons in FY20. These orders will be serviced from both India and Vietnam.
  39. The company is also getting into the small packs business in the USA from next month onwards.
  40. Currently, the debt for the company is at Rs 296 Cr. The company is aiming to pay up the debt by FY24. Roughly around Rs 76 Cr of debt repayment is to be made each year.
  41. The management is aiming for normal operations with a 10-15% growth in FY21.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a decent quarter on the back of the improved product mix and improvement in margins and PAT. The company’s branded business is growing well and has already captured a 5% market share in South India according to internal estimates. The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and is working hard on expanding its influence. The company has had minimal impact from COVID in its Vietnam facility and has not been hit as hard from COVID-19 as other industries. It remains to be seen how the export business will pan out in the year given the logistical disruptions from COVID-19 and whether the branded business will be able to maintain its growth momentum. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market, CCL products may turn out to be a dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.


 

 

 

Q3 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY20 Q3FY19 YoY % Q2FY20 QoQ % 9MFY20 9MFY19 YoY%
Sales 224.05 181.12 23.70% 222.34 0.77% 711.24 614 15.84%
PBT 57.96 34.59 67.56% 26.58 118.06% 186.85 118.02 58.32%
PAT 36.08 23.83 51.41% 24.16 49.34% 142.48 76.12 87.18%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY20 Q3FY19 YoY % Q2FY20 QoQ % 9MFY20 9MFY19 YoY%
Sales 303.36 234.99 29.09% 299.1 1.42% 876.19 821.88 6.61%
PBT 68.71 43.37 58.43% 44.44 54.61% 167.64 161.16 4.02%
PAT 46.99 32.6 44.14% 42.07 11.69% 123.74 119.25 3.77%

Detailed Results

    1. The company had a good quarter with sales growth of 29% YoY and PAT growth of 44% YoY. But these figures were high mainly due to the low base of Q3FY19 last year.
    2. The 9M figures show modest growth for the company so far this year with only 6.7% YoY revenue growth and 3.8% YoY profit growth.
    3. Other income was also low in Q3 coming in at Rs 6.47 Cr vs Rs 9.1 Cr last year.
    4. Another change as compared to last year was in 9M cost of raw materials which fell 6.4% YoY. However, 9M revenues rose 6.75% YoY.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The margins for the company are expected to stay stable at current levels mainly due to the shift of the product mix towards freeze-dried coffee.
  2. The management has mentioned that the company is operating at optimal capacity in the Vietnam facility and the company is looking to expand capacity in this unit. This is because the current product mix has caused output volumes from this unit to decline and thus the company feels the need to expand capacity to address growing demand in a timely manner.
  3. The volumes for the quarter were according to the company’s estimates.
  4. The company is going to invest $8 million for expansion in the Vietnam plant to increase capacity by 3500 tons. This expansion is expected to be done by Q1FY21. The company expects the capacity utilization in the expanded capacity in FY21 to be around 75%.
  5. In the domestic business, the company expects sales of Rs 100 Cr in FY20 and more than half of this is expected from the branded business. Last year the branded sales were only Rs 30 Cr vs Rs 50 Cr expected this year.
  6. The company spent around Rs 14-15 Cr for business expansion and marketing and the company expects to maintain this proportion going forward.
  7. The management has stated that the company is expecting to earn around $14 million in revenues from the proposed expansion as full capacity.
  8. The management admits that the YoY growth in Q3 was mainly due to lower base in Q3FY19 and QoQ growth has been normal. The realization has been higher mainly due to freeze-dried capacity working at optimal utilization.
  9. The Vietnam business has become EBITDA breakeven in Q3 and is expected to turn profitable in Q4.
  10. The company has realized the Merchandise Export from India Scheme (MEIS) of Rs 30 Cr in the year so far.
  11. In India operations, the company expects capacity utilization of around 80-85% in the next year. The company is also planning an activity which can increase capacity by 500 tons.
  12. Gross margins are expected to stay stable at current elevated levels as it has been achieved as a result of the company’s upgradation efforts and other initiatives like the improved product mix.
  13. The CAPEX for this year and next year in total is around $23 million which includes the $8 million expansion in Vietnam.
  14. The rise of coffee prices does not affect the company’s sales immediately and since the company uses 6 months or one-year contracts, the impact appears sometime in the future.
  15. The working capital cycle for the company has increased mainly because of enhanced operations in Switzerland unit.
  16. The inventory days is at 60 days and receivables are at 75 days with no change in payables.
  17. The new small pack making facility is expected to be completed by end of FY20 and operations should start from FY21 onwards.
  18. The Indian subsidiary is expected to breakeven next year as this year, the subsidiary has some small losses due to high marketing costs.
  19. The company is the 3rd largest brand by market share after Nescafe and Bru. The company already enjoys >5% market share in major cities in South India like Hyderabad.
  20. The utilization level in Q3 is around 75% in the SEZ facility. Overall on a yearly basis, utilization was between 50-60%.
  21. The company has gained a new customer from whom the company is expecting some large orders to come in for the Vietnam plant.
  22. The company is seeing growth in market demand for freeze-dried coffee and thus it has already planned its expansions accordingly.
  23. The company is consciously focussing on growing its branded business.
  24. The market size of instant coffee in India is around Rs 2000 Cr and the filter coffee market size is around Rs 400-500 Cr. The company aims to reach 5% market share or Rs 100 Cr in branded sales in the next 2 years.
  25. The management has chosen to focus on branded sales with freeze-dried coffee as the major players like Nescafe and Bru do not have facilities in the country to make this product and importing it from overseas facilities will raise costs to unsustainable levels for these players. Thus CCL has a unique advantage in the freeze-dried coffee space which the company hopes to use to capture the market from the incumbent players.
  26. Regarding the company’s unique and premium products like cold brew coffee, the company is introducing it to developed markets because of higher acceptance of such products. At the moment the company’s products are unique and not manufactured at such scale anywhere in the world and the company hopes to capitalize on this first-mover advantage as much as possible.
  27. The company is now targeting customers with higher quality requirements to remove its dependence on price-sensitive customers.
  28. Around 60% of customers are ones that are quality customers who get unique offerings from the company while 40% are vanilla customers with whom the company does not have any competitive hold other than price.
  29. The expenses for the branded business that has been booked by the parent company is around Rs 10 Cr.
  30. The management has said that from next year onwards, the company will also be looking to use some of its cash flows to pay back term loans in a timely manner.
  31. The Switzerland business has been doing well and is generating deals with major supermarket chains in the EU region. The revenues from this unit is Rs 83 Cr in 9M period and the company expects this to reach Rs 110 Cr by the end of the year.
  32. The company has around 60,000 retail outlets in reach and around 600 distributors for the branded business currently.
  33. The company is looking to balance the low margin bulk business and the high margin premium business and not reduce dependence on its traditional strengths in the bulk segment to chase premium growth.
  34. The management has said that the govt is likely to incentivize industries to promote exports even if MEIS regimen comes to an end. Thus some form of export incentive is expected to stay preserved for exporting companies like CCL.
  35. The company is still sticking to its earlier guidance of 10-15% volumes growth for FY20.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a good quarter on the back of the improved product mix and bagging a few big orders from Switzerland. The company’s branded business is growing well and has already captured almost 5% market share in prominent cities in the South like Hyderabad. This highlights the quality of the brand’s offerings and the competitive edge of the company which should help them further in capturing market share from incumbent players like Nescafe and Bru. The company is doing well to capitalize on its unique offerings and is working hard on expanding its influence. The management has been prudent and frank that this competitive advantage is not permanent and other players may soon start developing similar products and dilute its unique edge. Hence, management says that it is working as hard as possible to push its growth as long as this edge lasts. It remains to be seen whether the path forward for the company will be as smooth as it has been so far, particularly for its branded business. Nonetheless, given the enormous market opportunity for the branded business in the domestic market and other innovative products like flavoured cold brew in advanced markets, CCL products may turn out to be a rising dark horse in the global coffee industry in the years to come.


 

 

Q2 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY20 Q2FY19 YoY % Q1FY20 QoQ % H1FY20 H1FY19 YoY%
Sales 222.34 214.19 3.81% 264.85* -16.05% 487.2 432.88 12.55%
PBT 26.57 46.56 -42.93% 102.3 -74.03% 128.88 83.42 54.50%
PAT 24.15 28.15 -14.21% 82.24 -70.63% 106.4 52.28 103.52%
Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY20 Q2FY19 YoY % Q1FY20 QoQ % H1FY20 H1FY19 YoY%
Sales 299.1 292.11 2.39% 273.72 9.27% 572.82 586.89 -2.40%
PBT 44.44 65.6 -32.26% 54.48 -18.43% 98.92 117.78 -16.01%
PAT 42.07 47.18 -10.83% 34.67 21.34% 76.74 86.64 -11.43%

*Includes Other income of Rs 58.77 Cr

Detailed Results

    1. The company had a modest quarter with standalone and consolidated operating revenues growing 4% and 3% YoY respectively.
    2. Standalone and consolidated profits fell drastically with standalone and consolidated PBT falling 43% and 32% YoY respectively.
    3. This fall is mainly due to inflated depreciation and other expenses due to the addition of new PPE in the balance sheet.
    4. The consolidated PAT for the company also declined by 11% highlighting a tough quarter for the company.
    5. H1FY20 was drastically different on standalone and consolidated levels. On standalone levels, H1FY20 performance was good with sales rising 12.55% YoY and profit rising more than 103% YoY.
    6. Consolidated H1Fy20 performance was lean with sales declining 2.4% YoY and profits falling 11% YoY.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The other expenses were high in the quarter due to the company contracting a high profile celebrity for advertising.
  2. The depreciation was also high in the quarter because due to the seasonal operations and the company also spent Rs 5 Cr NEIS license which will be reflected in the next quarter.
  3. The company expects margins to improve in the coming quarters due to the removal of one-time ad spend and the improvement in profits.
  4. The company is expecting the new SEZ operations to be working in line with its previous guidance of keeping capacity utilization at 50% for the year. The orders from this unit were low in Q1 and Q2 but they will pick up in the next 2 quarters due to the incoming order schedule.
  5. The Vietnam expansion is started and is expected to be completed by Q1FY21.
  6. The other expansions are also expected to be going on with the same timeline.
  7. The crop yields in Brazil have been very good and so the market pricing from Brazil is very competitive. The management states that Vietnam also had a good yield and due to a lot of investment into the Vietnam Coffee industry, the prices of coffee in Vietnam are being kept inflated artificially. This is causing Brazilian coffee to spread to other regions.
  8. The Vietnam duty to EU is still 3.1% and Brazil’s duty to EU is still 9% thus preserving the duty advantage of Vietnamese exporters to Brazilian exporters.
  9. Historically, Q1 and Q2 have been the lean quarters while Q3 and Q4 are the better ones for the company.
  10. The company is on track with its plans with expansion in the USA. The company has also changed its credit terms to attract more customers. The company expects a few customers to come in from FY21 onwards. The company has already started the official customer approval process for a few companies which should take around 6 months to complete.
  11. IN Q2FY19, the company has done a domestic business of Rs 20 Cr bringing their H1FY20 revenues from domestic operations to Rs 35 Cr. All the additional growth is from the retail market. The company is confident that it will achieve its yearly guidance target of Rs 110 Cr.
  12. The effective tax rate for the company is 21% currently.
  13. The majority of the products made in the SEZ units are to be dispatched in Q3 and Q4 and thus the margin expansion from the SEZ operations will be reflected in the coming quarters.
  14. The management is fairly confident that they should be able to achieve their initial guidance given at the start of the year.
  15. The instant coffee market is around Rs 2000 Cr in India. The filter coffee numbers are not available as a lot of the sales in this segment is unorganized. The company has 3 main products in the instant coffee, filter coffee, and premix categories.
  16. The company is focussing right now in the 4 main states of South India. The company has also started building awareness through mass media advertising.
  17. The utilization levels in Vietnam is around 70% on an annualized basis. H2FY20 should help bring this up.
  18. The company observes that in India, the roasted coffee sector is growing better than the normal instant coffee sector.
  19. The management maintains that they are not worried about the effect of the brazil exports as the profile of Brazilian coffee exports is very different from the company’s offerings and the company is not competing in that segment.
  20. The company has introduced their new product cold brew in USA and EU. The company is expecting orders to come in the next few quarters. This product is unique and thus it will take time for the product to expand.
  21. Cash conversion for the company is expected to remain stable. The company is not expecting any delinquency from their extension of credit to customers in the USA.
  22. The company’s Swiss subsidiary has already renewed their contracts with existing clients and they are expecting more clients to come in the near future.
  23. The fixed costs for the SEZ unit is Rs 26 Cr for the full year.
  24. The company started small pack business as they see this business to be more sustainable in the long term for them. The small pack business has grown at a good pace in the last one year. All of the business in the Swiss subsidiary has been in small packs.
  25. Switzerland contributes 5% of revenues while total small pack revenue is around 20-25% of the total revenues.
  26. The management has guided that the expenses may rise if they go forward with more advertising on seeing good response to existing efforts.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. The company has had a couple of lean quarters. The company, however, has seen encouraging signs on its foray into the USA market. The company has been proactive in wanting to grasp this opportunity which is evident from its decision to extend credit to customers in the USA. The performance of the retail segment has been encouraging but it remains to be seen whether this segment shall perform as highly as expected in the next 2 quarters. Nonetheless, despite slow growth in the current quarter, CCL remains a good investment prospect in the coffee industry given their experience and their new product portfolio which is expected to be well received in the market.

 

 

Notes on Annual Report (FY2018-19)

Management Discussion & Analysis

  • As per Wiseguy report, the global instant coffee market is valued at 23500 million US$ in 2018 is expected to reach 32900 million US$ by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of 4.3% during 2019-2025.

 

  • Despite the dominance of fresh coffee in the coffee industry, instant coffee is quickly becoming popular all over the world. Transportation of instant coffee is cheaper, as it has lower shipping weight and volume than beans or ground coffee. Moreover, instant coffee offers convenience in preparation, shelf life, which increases its demand among urban consumers.

 

  • The instant coffee market in India is growing at a rate of more than 15% year on year. A positive consumer outlook towards new experiences such as premium coffee, higher disposable incomes and the growing number of young professionals were some of the important factors that promoted growth in coffee consumption in India. Additionally, increased access to coffee machines in offices and institutions triggered interest in coffee among consumers, which indirectly drove sales in households, as people began to acquire a taste and in turn consumed coffee at home as well.

 

  • The Asia Pacific is a key region for the company as it accounts for 38% of instant coffee demand. The easy preparation of instant coffee, as well as its ability to be tailored to local taste preferences, has made it the coffee of choice in most markets in the Asia Pacific, where coffee consumption is still low.

 

  • Demand for instant coffee in North America and a few European countries is expected to decline due to greater preference to filter coffee. Especially the new technology of capsule coffee is expected to further reduce the utilitarian appeal of instant coffee.

 

  • Vietnam’s instant coffee market is expected to continue to grow steadily in the coming years due to various market trends. The growth of instant coffee is stemmed from the rising demand among young and adolescent consumers, who seek convenience and quick methods for consuming hot beverages in tune with their busy lifestyle.

 

  • The company’s presence in Vietnam helps it cater to the coffee needs of various ASEAN countries and the major economies of China and Japan. Most of these countries have granted Vietnam a most favored nation status with reduced or NIL duty structures in addition to having savings on logistics which is very beneficial to the company when exporting from their Vietnam facility.

 

  • The major threat being faced by the instant coffee industry is the creation of huge additional capacities in several countries which are resulting in unhealthy competition and stress on prices. The company is making efforts to mitigate these threats by increased volumes of high-quality niche and new products.

Financial Performance in FY2018-19

  • Total income declined 5% to Rs. 1084.75 Cr. Revenues from India business grew 1% to Rs 839.31 Cr.

 

  • The company received dividend income of Rs 29.5 Cr from its Vietnam subsidiary Ngon Coffee.

 

  • The EBITDA margin stood at 22.7% whereas net profit margin was at 14.3%.

 

  • In the Switzerland subsidiary, the sales for FY19 were around Rs 38 Cr with a PAT of Rs 77 Lacs.

 

  • In the Vietnamese unit, the revenues for FY19 dipped to Rs 264 Cr from Rs 297 Cr last year with PAT coming in at Rs 67 Cr.

 

  • The branded sales for Continental Coffee Pvt Ltd has grown more than 100% in FY19 contributing almost Rs 35 Cr in revenues. Overall branded domestic sales for this subsidiary has been at Rs 80 Cr.

 

  • Debt to equity ratio remained at a stable 0.5 times.

Business Performance in FY2018-19

  • The company saw an 18% decline in volumes due to the loss of a key customer who started their own coffee manufacturing facility.

 

  • The capacity utilization rate for the SEZ plant was at 50% while the Vietnam plant was operating at 90% for the year. The company is going for additional capacity expansion at the Vietnam plant and it is expected to be completed by the end of FY20.

 

  • The freeze-dried unit started commercial operations on 20th April ’19 and the company expects at least 50% capacity utilization in this unit for FY20.

 

  • The company expects to double its B2C business in FY20. Taking this into account, they expect overall B2C sales to cross Rs 100 Cr this year.

 

  • As the company has only entered the retail space recently, they are focusing on bringing up volumes and utilization, especially in the small packets segment.

 

  • Overall in India, the company operated at 90%-95% utilization.

 

Analyst’s View

CCL Products is a sound company with good industry reputation and an experience of more than 25 years in the instant coffee industry. The company has made good long term trade relationships which are vital for any export business. The company’s strategic positioning in Vietnam should bring many benefits to the company in the future due to access to the prime coffee consuming regions in Asia and zero duty structure for exports. The company’s foray into the branded instant coffee space should prove fruitful given the company’s pedigree in developing and manufacturing high-quality coffee blends while maintaining high product consistency. The coffee industry remains underpenetrated in India and the rest of Asia thus highlighting the massive potential for market expansion in this industry. Dependency on a few large customers turned out to be expensive for the company in FY18-19. The working capital cycle has also increased due to the same in FY 19. Nevertheless, CCL Products is an interesting story to watch out for.


 

Q1 2020 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY20 Q1FY19 YoY % Q4FY19 QoQ %
Sales 264.07* 218.69 20.75% 225.31 17.20%
PBT 102.3 36.86 177.54% 60.55 68.95%
PAT 82.24 24.13 240.82% 49.3 66.82%

 

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY20 Q1FY19 YoY % Q4FY19 QoQ %
Sales 273.72 294.77 -7.14% 262.87 4.13%
PBT 54.48 52.19 4.39% 47.48 14.74%
PAT 34.67 39.46 -12.14% 35.63 -2.69%

Detailed Results

    1. The company had a lean quarter with declines in standalone and consolidated operational revenues of 4% and 7% respectively.
    2. The other income mentioned above is dividend income derived from the Vietnamese subsidiary of the company.
    3. The consolidated PAT for the company also declined 12% highlighting a tough quarter for the company.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company has commenced the operations for the SEZ facility in Shibpur district.
  2. The management guides for 15-20% volumes growth despite the stagnant results in the current quarter.
  3. The volumes in Vietnam were lower as last year was a high base year with 40% more volumes from 2 years ago. The domestic business has seen volumes go down a little because of extended summer season.
  4. There has been a reduction in profits from Vietnam due to fall in volumes.
  5. The company is bringing in the leftover profit after deducting capex amount for the Vietnam entity as dividend which appears as the other income of Rs 59 Cr.
  6. The company is not expecting significant changes to the raw material costs as supply and demand are expected to stay stable at current levels.
  7. The depreciation in the standalone books rose significantly due to the commencement of operations from the SEZ facility.
  8. The company expects the margins for Vietnam to improve in the next quarter.
  9. The company is trying to communicate with the Indian and Vietnam government to help reduce import duty on instant coffee to stay competitive as the import duty on Brazilian coffee is reduced. The company has also mentioned that a little less than 1/3rd of the company sales originate from EU.
  10. The company expects the US sales to grow almost 25% this year. The amount exported to the USA last year was 2500 tons.
  11. By the end of FY20, the facility construction for the packaging plant in India should be completed.
  12. The current quarter has had branded sales of Continental Coffee in India of Rs 15 Cr which is almost double of last year figures despite the lean quarter for coffee due to summer.
  13. The company is confident of volumes growth in FY20 as the packer that they lost last year wants to come back for some of the higher quality volumes as he is not able to match the higher quality product from his own production.
  14. The company believes that the net profit growth will not be in line with EBITDA growth due to higher depreciation and interest expenses this year.
  15. The company has taken RS 162 CR for the freeze dried unit and Rs 60 Cr for upgradation for their existing facilities. These are financed by long term debt for the company.
  16. The capacity utilization for this year across all plants has been 90% except for the SEZ plant which is at 50%.
  17. Around 300 to 400 tons of freeze dried product has been produced since late April.
  18. The company believes that they should have opportunities from branded sellers in India as most of the packers except Nestle do not have their own manufacturing facilities and they source instant coffee from other makers.
  19. The growth in EBITDA margin in standalone terms is attributed to mainly the above mentioned freeze dried coffee sales.
  20. The company is spending Rs 15 Cr in domestic branded sales and they expect this segment to breakeven next year.

Analyst’s View

CCL has already established itself in the wholesale coffee space for many years and their foray into branded sales through Continental Coffee label has been very encouraging. Given the expected demand for the higher margin freeze dried coffee, the company is expected to perform well as long as the demand for this product pans out. It remains to be seen whether the company can achieve their guided volume growth target of 15-20% as the numbers for Q1 have stayed stagnant although this can be attributed to the seasonal fall in demand for all forms of coffee. Nonetheless, CCL remains an interesting company for people looking to invest on the theme of growing coffee consumption both in India and abroad.


Q4 2019 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

                                                                Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY19 Q4FY18 YoY % Q3FY19 QoQ % FY19 FY18 %  Change
Sales 225.3 225.68 -0.17% 181.11 24.40% 839.31 828.67 1.28%
PBT 60.55 37.92 59.68% 34.59 75.05% 178.57 151.25 18.06%
PAT 49.3 23.41 110.59% 23.82 106.97% 125.42 97.76 28.29%
                                                                Consolidated Financials (In Cr)
Q4FY19 Q4FY18 YoY % Q3FY19 QoQ % FY19 FY18 %  Change
Sales 262.87 322.51 -18.49% 234.98 11.87% 1084.75 1142.84 -5.08%
PBT 47.48 61.95 -23.36% 43.37 9.48% 208.64 201.82 3.38%
PAT 35.64 47.24 -24.56% 32.6 9.33% 154.9 148.13 4.57%

 

Detailed Results

    1. The revenue performance for the quarter has been flat in standalone terms and has declined 18.5% on consolidated terms.
    2. Despite this flat standalone performance, profits have soared with standalone PAT rising 110% for Q4 and 28% for FY19.
    3. This was mainly driven by a substantial increase in other income which rose to Rs 29.5 Cr in Q4FY19 from Rs 0.88 Cr a year earlier.
    4. Almost all of this amount is attributed to dividend income from the company’s Vietnamese subsidiary Ngon Coffee Company Ltd.
    5. The Board has recommended a final dividend of Rs 1.75 bringing the total dividend given out for the year to Rs 3.5.
    6. The fall in revenues is mainly due to the loss of a major repacking customer who has set up his own manufacturing facility.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. Coffee prices have gone down 10%-15% for the year and there has been an 18% decline in volumes for the year because of the loss of the above mentioned customer.
  2. The company’s receivables have gone up almost Rs 50 Cr mainly due to the extension of the credit period provided to some of the new customers.
  3. Green coffee prices are expected to stay pressured for the year mainly due to the good crop harvest from Brazil and Vietnam.
  4. The capacity utilization rate for the SEZ plant has been at 50% while the Vietnam plant has been operating at 90% for the year. The company is going for additional capacity expansion at the Vietnam plant and it is expected to be completed by the end of FY20.
  5. Overall in India, the company is operating at 90%-95% utilization.
  6. The freeze dried unit has started commercial operations on 20th April ’19 and the company expects at least 50% capacity utilization in this unit for FY20.
  7. The branded sales for Continental Coffee Pvt Ltd has grown more than 100% in FY19 contributing almost Rs 35 Cr in revenues. Overall branded domestic sales for this subsidiary has been at Rs 80 Cr.
  8. The company expects most of the growth for the domestic business to come from the rising retail sales segment while the B2B segment is expected to stay constant.
  9. The company is looking to double their B2C business in FY20. Taking this into account, they expect overall B2C sales to cross Rs 100 Cr this year.
  10. As the company has only entered the retail space recently, they are focusing on bringing up volumes and utilization, especially in the small packets segment.
  11. The company is also planning on establishing a packing and agglomeration plant adjacent to their Chittoor unit which is expected to cost around $ 10 million.
  12. The company is also looking to add another 3500 tonnes of additional capacity which is expected to cost around $ 8 million.
  13. The company intends to increase the revenue contribution of small packs and premium products to more than 30% in FY20 from 20% in FY19.
  14. The company also spent Rs 10 CR in FY19 on advertising.
  15. In the Switzerland subsidiary, the sales for FY19 were around Rs 38 Cr with a PAT of Rs 77 Lacs.
  16. The company is expecting better profitability from the Swiss unit going forward as they have recently gotten a few tenders approved for a few European supermarket chains.
  17. The company is expecting profits of above $ 500,000 from these engagements.
  18. In the Vietnamese unit, the revenues for FY19 dipped to Rs 264 Cr from Rs 297 Cr last year with PAT coming in at Rs 67 Cr.
  19. The company is also expecting 20%-30% growth for their US unit as they are pushing for aggressive volumes growth for existing customers there.
  20. The company expect the maximum growth to come from the USA and Asian markets excluding India since coffee consumption for all these areas is quite high as compared to India where only 7% of total population consumes coffee.
  21. The management has clarified that they do not run any risk of higher inventories due to selling to repackers as they maintain a strict policy of 100% prepayment in this segment.
  22. The company is commissioning its freeze dried product soon as they want to cover the shortfall of 2000 tonnes that they have lost in volume sales when a long time repacking customer of theirs moved away from repacking and has opened his own manufacturing facility.
  23. The management ensures that this development is a one-time event and that it is very rare for a customer to go into direct manufacturing as initial costs of setup and market entry are very high. Thus they are not worried of losing any other repacking customers in the same way.

Analyst’s View

CCL have proven themselves to be a mainstay in the Indian coffee industry. Recently, they have lost a big repacking customer in FY19 which has resulted in a volume fall of 2000 tonnes. However, the company’s foray into retail and brand sales have been encouraging and they expect this segment to rise fast and bring the company to higher trajectory of growth. Although the risk of volatile green coffee prices is present, CCL have proven themselves as seasoned players in the field and should be able to prevent any adverse impact from this source. Taking into account the company’s encouraging sales growth and expectations in the USA and EU, CCL looks to be a reasonable bet on the coffee consumption market.


Q3 2019 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)

Q3FY19

Q3FY18 YoY % Q2FY19 QoQ % 9M FY19 9M FY18 9M% Change
Sales

181.11

204 -11.22% 214.2 -15.45% 614 603 1.82%

PBT

34.59 42.22 -18.07% 46.56 -25.71% 118 113.32

4.13%

PAT

23.83 28.05 -15.04% 28.16 -15.38% 76.15 74.34

2.43%

Consolidated Financials (In Cr)

Q3FY19 Q3FY18 YoY % Q2FY19 QoQ % 9M FY19 9M FY18 9M% Change
Sales 235 274.4 -14.36% 292.1 -19.55% 821.88 820.33 0.19%
PBT 43.37 54.6 -20.57% 65.6 -33.89% 161.16 139.87 15.22%
PAT 32.6 40.42 -19.35% 47.18 -30.90% 119.25 100.88 18.21%

Detailed Results

    1. The performance for the current quarter for the company has been disappointing with a decline in standalone revenues of 11% YoY.
    2. The 9M standalone figures were also almost flat as compared to last year.
    3. The same trend has been seen in the consolidated revenues with a drop of 14% YoY.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The company is set to start commercial production from their SEZ plant from 1st of April 2019. The capacity utilization for this is expected to be around 50% in the first year.
  2. In Vietnam, the company is operating at 80% capacity utilization and they are planning to increase capacity by 3500 tons with an expansion next year.
  3. The company believes that decline in in consumption of instant coffee in developed countries is mainly due to stagnating population while coffee consumption per person has remained stable.
  4. The company is focussing on developing countries mainly because of the rapidly growing populace and the popularity of coffee in the young segment in these countries.
  5. The company is using Robusta coffee for 85%-90% of their products mainly due to its cost advantage.
  6. The 9M revenues for Vietnam have been up 40% YoY. The net asset turnover for their Vietnam facilities is 1.
  7. The management believes that the main reason for the fall in revenues is the fall in raw material prices of the green coffee which has led to fall in prices of the product as the addressable market is raw material price sensitive.
  8. Their domestic branded business has grown to Rs 36 Cr this year as compared to Rs 9 Cr last year. The bulk domestic business segment stands at Rs 44 Cr this year.
  9. The company believes that 3-4 years will be needed to establish themselves as a recognizable brand and generate significant enough revenues to be reflected in net profits.
  10. The company wants to focus more in the branded business as it would yield higher margins than the bulk business.
  11. The management recognizes that the next couple of years will probably be a tough challenge for the company due to the changing shape of the market and their challenges to establish themselves as a brand.
  12. The company is also eyeing expansion of domestic capacity to 8500 tons by the end of FY2020.
  13. Volume growth for the current 9M period has been 15% YoY.
  14. In India, the management is envisioning future volume growth of 20%-30%. Thus they are planning to setup additional agglomeration and packing facility in the next financial year.
  15. The capex in Vietnam is entirely debt free and will be built using the internal accruals of the company. The project cost is estimated to be at $ 8 million.

Analyst’s View

CCL has been one of the oldest instant coffee manufacturers in India. They have almost all of their operations outside of India and have recently started to foray into the domestic market since the past 2 years. They have been aggressively expanding their capacities and have been committed to running a volumes driven business model. The main concerns for the company shall be whether they can make their volumes grow in order to keep their rising capacity at optimal levels. Also establishing themselves as a brand in the domestic market where Nestle has already captured more than 50% of the market share is going to be tough to say the least. Hence, it would be interesting how CCL fares in the next couple of years.

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