About the Company

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is a Mini Ratna (Category-I) Central Public Sector Enterprise under the Ministry of Railways, Government of India. IRCTC was incorporated on 27th September 1999 as an extended arm of the Indian Railways to upgrade, professionalize and manage the catering and hospitality services at stations, on trains and other locations and to promote domestic and international tourism through the development of budget hotels, special tour packages, information & commercial publicity and global reservation systems.

 

Q4FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Consolidated financials (in Crs)
  Q4FY22 Q4FY21 YoY % Q3FY22 QoQ % FY22 FY21 YoY%
Sales 717 358 100.3% 556 29.0% 1952 861 126.7%
PBT 283 139 103.6% 281 0.7% 889 257 245.9%
PAT 214 104 105.8% 209 2.4% 664 187 255.1%

 

Detailed Results:

  1. The company saw a 100% YoY rise in total revenues.
  2. PAT and PBT were up 106% and 103% YoY.
  3. EBIDTA margins for Q4 stood at 40% versus 42.8% YoY due to higher contribution from the catering business.
  4. Catering saw revenues of Rs 266.2 Cr reporting growth of 1.5X QoQ & 3X YoY while EBITDA margin came at 9.4% versus 5.5% QoQ.
  5. Rail Neer saw revenues of Rs.51.9 Crores reporting a 4% growth QoQ & an EBITDA loss came of Rs.24.3 Crores.
  6. Ticketing saw revenues of Rs.292.8 Crores growing by 42.4% YoY & EBIT margin came at 91.5% Vs 83.3% YoY.
  7. Tourism saw revenues of Rs 80 Cr & achieved breakeven level.
  8. The company announced a final dividend of Rs. 1.5 per share.
  9. The bank balances and net worth of the company as on 31st March 2022 were Rs.1732 Crores and Rs.1884 Crores, respectively.

 

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. The management states that revenue for Q4 is just 3.5% lower than the pre-COVID level.
  2. Catering biz saw high growth due to increased presence in TSV trains section.
  3. The management states that in Q4 the average daily ticket sales have been 12.87 lakh.
  4. The company incurred one time charge in its Rail Neer segment to share profits of that biz with the ministry of railways from FY 07-21. Further from now on, company will share 15% of the profits of this segment with the ministry.
  5. EBIT margins in the ticketing segment have gone up due to increased convenience fees, higher agent collaborations, increased marketing & advertisement income & payment gateway charges.
  6. The management states that the cancellation is nearly 19% while the refund is nearly 18%.
  7. The management states that the company has been given additional work of a retiring room up-gradation which will help in boosting revenues.
  8. The company’s Average realization per ticket is 16.6.
  9. The current capacity utilization of Tejas is 70% while the breakeven is achieved at 75%.
  10. the percentage of unreserved tickets to total tickets for Indian Railways is 7%.
  11. The management states that in the bus ticketing, it has tied up with the red bus and the Abhi Bus along with various states to resume development for the state SCDCs & the revenue from the bus booking is Rs.6 lakhs per day.

 

 

Analyst’s View:

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is a Mini Ratna PSU with massive cash flows and a well-managed balance sheet. The company has seen a great Q4 with its revenue reaching the pre-covid levels. The ticketing inventory has also increased to 12.8 lacs per day due to the mandatory reservation in the General category. IRCTC continues to have 80%+ of total bookings for Indian Railways in Q4. The company has applied for a payment aggregator license from both the Ministry of Railways and RBI. It has also increased the B2C catering aggregators to 20 and has seen the number of meals booked per day exceed pre-COVID levels. The tourism segment has suffered mainly due to high operational losses in the Tejas Express. The company is looking to take measures like reducing the frequency of these trains or getting concessions on haulage to reduce these operational losses. It remains to be seen what disruptions come up in the future from the upcoming waves of COVID-19 are, how long will it take for normal rail travel and how will the company’s foray into private trains pans out given the difficulties it is seeing with Tejas. Nonetheless, given that IRCTC has a near-monopoly in its space and the resilient demand for its services and products in railway stations, IRCTC remains a good stock to watch out for investors betting on the travel and railway theme.

 


Q3FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q3FY22 Q3FY21 YoY % Q2FY22 QoQ % 9MFY22 9MFY21 YoY%
Sales 556 245 126.9% 421 32.0% 1235 510 142.1%
PBT 281 104 170.1% 213 31.9% 606 121 400.8%
PAT 208 78 166.6% 158 31.6% 449 86 422.0%

Detailed Results:

  1. The company saw a 1.2x YoY rise in total revenues.
  2. PAT and PBT were up 170% and 166% YoY.
  3. Catering saw revenues of Rs 104 Cr vs Rs 48 Cr last year & EBIT profit of Rs 5 Cr vs EBIT loss of Rs 7 Cr last year.
  4. Rail Neer saw revenues of Rs 49 Cr vs Rs 16 Cr last year & EBIT of Rs 5 Cr vs EBIT loss of Rs 2 Cr last year.
  5. Ticketing saw revenues of Rs 312 Cr vs Rs 143 Cr last year & EBIT of Rs 265 Cr vs EBIT of Rs 109 Cr last year.
  6. Tourism saw revenues of Rs 68 Cr vs Rs 15 Cr last year & EBIT loss of Rs 7 Crs vs EBIT loss of Rs 11 Cr last year.
  7. The company announced a dividend of Rs. 2 per share in Q4.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. While revenues of the company are still below their all-time high, the absolute EBITDA has hit new highs.
  2. Internet ticketing, which has the highest margins amongst all the business segments continued to drive the growth in Q3.
  3. Ticketing revenue was on an all-time high of 312 Cr. EBIT margin in this segment was at 84.8% vs 76.3% YoY.
  4. The catering segment has moved back to profit at EBIT after 6 quarters of losses.
  5. Railneer EBIT margin got back to the double-digit mark at 10.1% vs 6.8% QoQ.
  6. The cash and bank balance of IRCTC was at Rs 1821 Cr.
  7. 9M revenue from internet ticketing was 728 Cr out of which 68% was the convenience fee and 32% was the non-convenience fee.
  8. In the catering segment, cooked food in pantry cars is being served on 428 trains and is available in all Rajdhani, Shatabdi, and Duronto trains.
  9. The total marketing revenue from the company’s payment gateway has been 56 Cr.
  10. Current production of Railneer is 5.5 lakh liters per day at 45% plant utilization due to winter season and covid impacted demand.
  11. In segmentation of tickets booked, 2S is the highest at 38.6%, sleeper class at 38.1%, and second AC, third AC, AC chair car at 22%.
  12. The company’s online share of railway ticketing is being maintained at more than 80% levels.
  13. The company is facing challenges in iMudra because of changing its partner bank.
  14. The company has got some progress in adding its food aggregator and plans to have an aggregator license.
  15. The management sees the EBIT margins in the catering segment increasing back to double digits due to more trains being tendered.
  16. IRCTC Air is still at below 19-20 levels due to the massive cancellation happening during the Omicron wave.
  17. The company currently has 8 IRCTC Executive lounges and plans to open more coming ahead.
  18. The number of TSV contracts this quarter has come to 700 vs 280 in the previous quarter.
  19. IRCTC may make its engine or continue with the PRS booking engine if the rates are negotiated well.
  20. The company is planning to do capex to improve the ticketing infrastructure and do some infrastructure projects.

Analyst’s View:

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is a Mini Ratna PSU with massive cash flows and a well-managed balance sheet. The company has seen a great Q3 with its highest ever ticketing revenues and over 70% rise in both convenience & non-convenience revenues. The ticketing inventory has also increased to 12.5 lacs per day due to the mandatory reservation in the General category. IRCTC continues to have 80%+ of total bookings for Indian Railways in Q3. The company has applied for a payment aggregator license from both the Ministry of Railways and RBI. It has also increased the B2C catering aggregators to 20 and has seen the number of meals booked per day exceed pre-COVID levels. The tourism segment has suffered mainly due to high operational losses in the Tejas Express. The company is looking to take measures like reducing the frequency of these trains or getting concessions on haulage to reduce these operational losses. It remains to be seen what disruptions come up in the future from the upcoming waves of COVID-19 are, how long will it take for normal rail travel and how will the company’s foray into private trains pans out given the difficulties it is seeing with Tejas. Nonetheless, given that IRCTC has a near-monopoly in its space and from the resilient demand for its services and products in railway stations, IRCTC remains a good stock to watch out for investors betting on the travel and railway theme.


Q2FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q2FY22 Q2FY21 YoY % Q1FY22 QoQ % H1FY22 H1FY21 YoY%
Sales 421 109 286.2% 258 63.2% 679 265 156.2%
PBT 214 47 355.3% 111 92.8% 325 17 1811.8%
PAT 159 33 381.8% 83 91.6% 241 8 2912.5%

Detailed Results:

  1. The company saw a 2.8x YoY rise in total revenues.
  2. PAT and PBT were up 355% and 382% YoY.
  3. Catering saw revenues of Rs 71 Cr vs Rs 17 Cr last year & EBIT loss of Rs 15 Lacs vs EBIT loss of Rs 20 Cr last year.
  4. Rail Neer saw revenues of Rs 41 Cr vs Rs 9 Cr last year & EBIT of Rs 3 Cr vs EBIT loss of Rs 2 Cr last year.
  5. Ticketing saw revenues of Rs 265 Cr vs Rs 58 Cr last year & EBIT of Rs 220 Cr vs EBIT of Rs 117 Cr last year.
  6. Tourism saw revenues of Rs 27 Cr vs Rs 4 Cr last year & EBIT loss of Rs 21 Crs vs EBIT loss of Rs 9 Cr last year.
  7. The company did a stock split of 1:5 in Q2.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. Both EBITDA and EPS were higher than Q4FY20 level for IRCTC.
  2. EBITDA margin continued to make a new high and crossed the 50% mark and was at 52.2% versus 45.8% last quarter.
  3. Ticketing revenue was at an all time high of Rs 265 Cr. EBITDA margin in this segment was at 83.1% vs 77.9% in Q1.
  4. The cash & bank balance of IRCTC was at Rs 1945 Cr.
  5. IRCTC has full control over how much to charge as convenience fee.
  6. The management commented it has got around 4 lakh additional ticketing inventory because of mandatory reservation in general compartment. The total inventory is at 12.5 lac tickets per day currently.
  7. The company now accounts for 81% of bookings for Indian Railways.
  8. IRCTC provides concessions towards booking of tickets through UPI and it is unlikely to stop doing so according to the management.
  9. The management commented that any kind of revenue sharing arrangement dictated by the Indian Railways is expected to be done keeping in mind the expenses of IRCTC for site upgradation and maintenance plus, its infrastructure requirements.
  10. The tourism arm of the IRCTC is profitable barring the losses of Tejas Express because of which the entire tourism segment is in loss.
  11. Regarding losses for Tejas Express the management said it will look to make the tourism segment of the company turn profitable to reduce its dependency on the convenience fee revenue. This can be done by decreasing the frequency or curtailing the expenses of the Tejas trains.
  12. The management also commented that the losses in Tejas has partially been due to the increase in haulage price and it is discussing with the Ministry for decreasing the haulage for the time the train was not running to cut short its losses
  13. The company said that the ministry doesn’t have any involvement in the agreement that IRCTC enters into with OTA agents. The management also said that it charges an additional Rs 12 per transaction from the online aggregators.
  14. The management states that it aims to keep convenience fee as low as possible to make rail travel as accessible as possible. It will continue to keep convenience fee at current levels as long as it can make enough profits to run things smoothly.
  15. The company earned Rs 104 Cr of convenience fee in Q1 and Rs 185 Cr in Q2. The non-convenience revenue has increased from Rs 46 Cr in Q1 to Rs 80 Cr in Q2.
  16. The company received around Rs 20 Cr from advertising revenue.
  17. The management expects this level of non-convenience fee revenue to persist going forward in FY23.
  18. The eCatering segment has seen total value of orders of Rs 27.8 Cr with average booking of 24,210 meals per day in the period of April to Oct 2021.
  19. The B2C agents of the company in eCatering has increased from 2 to 20 while the number of stations where eCatering service is live has increased to 252.
  20. The company is in the process of getting approval from ministry for making changes in its MoU for starting its own payment gateway application.
  21. The company is looking to obtain licence from RBI to have its payment aggregator service to increase its non-service revenues.
  22. The company received around Rs 58.34 Cr from annual maintenance charge and Rs 12.39 Cr from OTA agents. It also received Rs 2.36 Cr from licence fees.
  23. The company also monetized a few website inquiries which also yielded Rs 1.1 Cr revenues.
  24. The total inventory booking average in Q2 was at 80.23%. As of Oct, 3019 trains are running.
  25. The number of trains offering catering services has increased from 550 last quarter to 634 this quarter. Around 346 are offering on train catering while 288 have train side vending.

Analyst’s View:

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is a Mini Ratna PSU with massive cash flows and a well-managed balance sheet. The company has seen a great Q2 with its highest eve ticketing revenues and over 70% rise in both convenience & non-convenience revenues. The ticketing inventory has also increased to 12.5 lacs per day due to the mandatory reservation in General category. IRCTC continues to have 81% of total bookings for Indian Railways in Q2. The company has applied for a payment aggregator license from both the Ministry of Railways and RBI. It has also increased the B2C catering aggregators to 20 and has seen the number of meals booked per day exceed pre-COVID levels. The tourism segment has suffered mainly due to high operational losses in the Tejas Express. The company is looking to take measures like reduce the frequency of these trains or get concessions on haulage to reduce these operational losses. It remains to be seen what disruptions come up in the future from the upcoming waves of COVID-19 are, how long will it take for normal rail travel and how will the company’s foray into private trains pans out given the difficulties it is seeing with Tejas. Nonetheless, given that IRCTC has a near-monopoly in its space and from the resilient demand for its services and products in railway stations, IRCTC remains a good stock to watch out for investors betting on the railway’s theme.


 

Q1FY22 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Consolidated Financials (In Crs)
Q1FY22 Q1FY21 YoY % Q4FY21 QoQ %
Sales 258 156 65.38% 358 -27.93%
PBT 111 -29 483% 139 -20.14%
PAT 83 -25 432% 104 -20.19%

Detailed Results:

  1. The company saw a 65% YoY rise in total revenues.
  2. PAT and PBT were down 20.21% and 20.02% QoQ.
  3. Rail Neer saw QoQ rise in segment revenues and return to profitability in segment EBIT to Rs 1.81 Cr in Q1FY22 vs an EBIT loss of Rs 0.58 Cr in Q4FY21.
  4. The internet ticketing revenue was down to Rs 150 Cr from Rs 212 Cr in Q4FY21 due to ticketing volume impacted by the second wave come to 77.9%.
  5. The board approved a stock split of 5:1, subject to the approval of the Railway Ministry.
  6. IRCTC has restarted 2 Tejas trains in the Lucknow-Delhi-Lucknow and Ahmedabad – Mumbai – Ahmedabad routes from 7th Aug 2021.

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. EBITDA margin for IRCTC reached a new high of 45.8% in Q1 vs 42.8% in Q4FY21.
  2. QoQ improvement in margins was led by a decline in losses in the Catering segment and turnaround of the packaged drinking water segment.
  3. The cash & bank balance of IRCTC was at Rs 1614 Cr.
  4. The number of pantry cars running has increased from 272 in March 2021 to 316 currently.
  5. In total, the company’s catering services are now doing business in 572 trains vs 430 trains in March.
  6. Around Rs 44 Cr from the Rs 57 Cr of catering revenues comes from licensing fees.
  7. Within internet ticket booking, the company has a sharing ratio with Indian Railways of 60:40. But in the new wallet offering, doesn’t have any sharing agreement.
  8. The company already has 6 Lac customers in the open e-wallet product.
  9. Convenience fees account for 69% of internet ticketing revenues. The remaining 31% comes from service charges from B2B partners, earnings from ads, partner enrolment fees, co-branded credit card earnings, and many other sources.
  10. The company earned Rs 1.1 Cr from promotional mailer ads, Rs 44 Lacs from SMS ads, and a total of Rs 8.5 Cr from ads alone.
  11. The number of tickets booked in Q1 was 6.37 Cr. IRCTC accounted for 81% of all tickets sold by Indian Railways in Q1.
  12. Rail Neer saw utilization of 32-35% in Q1. It also added a new capacity of 4.2 lac bottles per day from the new plant in Una in July.
  13. Rail travel is slowly catching up as ticket bookings have risen to 3.44 Cr in July.
  14. The management states that the non-convenience fees income in internet ticketing revenues will rise as the overall travel and tourism industry comes back to normalcy and demand for such ads rises.
  15. The company is in talks with a food delivery aggregator to enhance the catering business.
  16. IRCTC will also be working towards building its brand as an e-catering aggregator according to the management.
  17. On-time delivery remains the highest priority when contrasting food delivery to trains vs food delivery in general. The management has stated that it will not go ahead with any tie-ups with food delivery aggregators unless IRCTC becomes certain of ensuring that on-time delivery and logistics are fully figured out.
  18. The company was looking for a private rail tender since last year and floated EOI thrice and from regional clusters but was unable to find partners. It has signed a non-binding MoU with NIFL.
  19. The average number of trains running in Aug is at 2750 and is rising steadily. Around 30% of this number would be premium trains. Indian Railways is running around 700+ trains short of pre-covid levels.
  20. The breakup of the ticket bookings is 39% for 2S, 39% for sleeper, 14% for 3AC, 3.3% for 2AC, and 2% for AC Chair.
  21. The UPI share in all ticket bookings is at 26%.
  22. The company has already integrated its payment gateway to the website and is looking to complete the integration with the app soon. It is also looking into getting approval from RBI to set up a payment aggregator business.
  23. E-catering is already doing 17,000 meals a day which is not far from the pre-covid level of 21,000 meals a day. The company also gets bookings for around 2500 meals a day from its B2C ticket partners like MakeMyTrip and others.
  24. Domestic tourism is slowly coming back. The company is seeing very good demand for the Bharat Darshan packages and the newly launched Char Dham Yatra is already fully booked.
  25. The future capex for IRCTC will depend on whether the company manages to win the upcoming tenders for private trains.

Analyst’s View:

Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) is a Mini Ratna PSU with massive cash flows and a well-managed balance sheet. The company has seen a resilient Q1 with Rail Neer bouncing back and the number of open trains rising steadily. It has seen a good rise in ticket bookings, especially in July when it saw 3.44 Cr monthly bookings. IRCTC is also seeing its share in total booking for Indian Railways rise to an unprecedented 81% in Q1. The company has already signed a non-binding MoU with NIFL for partnering up to bid for new private train tenders. It is looking to tie up with food delivery aggregators on the condition that the logistics and on-time delivery be fully focused on. The company is also seeing good demand in the mass tourism segment especially in the religious circuits and Bharat Darshan. It remains to be seen what disruptions come up in the future from the upcoming waves of COVID-19 are and how long will it take for normal rail travel and how will the company’s foray into private trains pans out. Nonetheless, given that IRCTC has a near-monopoly in its space and from the resilient demand for its services and products in railway stations, IRCTC remains a good stock to watch out for investors betting on the railway’s theme.


Q4FY21 Updates

Financial Results & Highlights

Standalone Financials (In Crs)
Q4FY21 Q4FY20 YoY % Q3FY21 QoQ % FY21 FY20 YoY%
Sales 358.25 595.70 -40% 245.23 46% 868.69 2342.41 -63%
PBT 139.20 193.21 -28% 104.39 33% 260.88 729.58 -64%
PAT 103.79 135.14 -23% 78.09 33% 189.90 513.10 -63%

Detailed Results:

  1. The company saw a 46% QoQ rise in total revenues and a 33% QoQ rise in PBT & PAT.
  2. Compared with Q4 last year, the revenues were down 40% YoY while PBT & PAT were down 28% & 23% YoY respectively.
  3. Considering the major expenses, the biggest change was in “Expenses for Tourism” which rose to Rs 50 Cr in Q4 from Rs 13 Cr in Q3 indicating a QoQ rise in tourism activities for IRCTC.
  4. The QoQ improvement was good across all segments with the biggest improvement in tourism which more than doubled as travel restrictions were coming down as compared to Q3.
  5. Considering the segment operating profits, only the internet ticketing segment has seen a rise of 59% QoQ & 14% YoY while all other segments are operating at losses.
  6. The Q4FY21 operating losses are highest in the Tourism segment at Rs 42 Cr which is even above the revenues earned from the segment which were Rs 31.58 Cr indicating that this is the overall worst-performing segment for IRCTC at present.
  7. Lastly, the company has also announced a final dividend of Rs 5 per share for FY21.

 

Investor Conference Call Highlights

  1. IRCTC is looking for candidates to pursue a strategic partnership with an external partner to provide additional capital to fuel the company’s expansion plans for the privatization of certain train routes around specific urban clusters.
  2. The bus ticketing business has also started picking up and the company is now planning marketing activities with its partners.
  3. IRCTC is currently contracted for catering for 450 trains and 100 such contracts are in the pipeline.
  4. The booking % for the sleeper class was at 40% while the 2nd class booking % was at 36% for FY21. The rise in ticketing revenue was mainly due to the rise in internet booking for these classes.
  5. The Rail Neer plants in Bhusawal, Himachal Pradesh, and Vijayawada will be completed in FY22 while the Kota & Bhubaneswar plants will come up in FY23.
  6. Around 1500 trains are running currently which have reservation facilities.

 

Analyst’s View:

IRCTC is a unique PSU with massive cash flows and a well-managed balance sheet. The company has seen a tough FY21 as travel has remained largely subdued with the catering segment suffering the most in the year. But it has shown good QoQ recovery especially in ticketing revenues which should indicate that business is slowly is coming back to normalcy. The company also has a lot of plans for expansion in the private trains space and is actively looking for a partner to finance this expansion. It is also looking to gain an additional revenue source in internet ticketing by inserting itself in the booking of the non-reserved classes and increasing the % of total booking for Indian Railways while slowly replacing offline ticketing as much as possible. It remains to be seen how the company’s plans in the privatization of trains go and how long will it take for normal consumer behaviour to resume. Nonetheless, given that IRCTC has a near-monopoly in its space and from the resilient demand for its services and products in railway stations, IRCTC remains a good stock to watch out for investors betting on the railways theme.